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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) has been originally isolated from the sheep hypothalamus on the basis of its ability to stimulate cAMP formation in anterior pituitary cells. Post-translational processing of the PACAP precursor generates two biologically active molecular forms, PACAP38 and PACAP27, and a novel peptide called(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a 38-amino acid C-terminally alpha-amidated peptide that was first isolated 20 years ago from an ovine hypothalamic extract on the basis of its ability to stimulate cAMP formation in anterior pituitary cells (Miyata et al., 1989. PACAP belongs to the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a 38-amino acid peptide that was first isolated from ovine hypothalamic extracts on the basis of its ability to stimulate cAMP formation in anterior pituitary cells. PACAP belongs to the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-glucagon-growth hormone releasing factor-secretin superfamily. The(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) are members of a superfamily of structurally related peptide hormones that includes glucagon, glucagon-like peptides, secretin, gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH). VIP and PACAP exert their actions through three GPCRs(More)
Caspase-3 knockout mice exhibit thickening of the internal granule cell layer of the cerebellum. Concurrently, it has been shown that intracerebral injection of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) induces a transient increase of the thickness of the cerebellar cortex. In the present study, we have investigated the possible effect of(More)
A neuropeptide was isolated from a frog brain extract by HPLC purification and characterized by mass spectrometry. This 26-aa neuropeptide, which belongs to the RFamide peptide family, was designated 26RFa, and its primary structure was established as VGTALGSLAEELNGYNRKKGGFSFRF-NH2. Research in databases revealed the presence of sequences homologous to frog(More)
Oxidative stress, resulting from accumulation of reactive oxygen species, plays a critical role in neuronal cell death associated with neurodegenerative diseases and stroke. In the present study, we have investigated the potential neuroprotective effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis.(More)
High concentrations of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its receptors have been detected in the rat cerebellum during ontogenesis. In particular, PACAP receptors are actively expressed in immature granule cells, suggesting that PACAP may act as a neurotrophic factor in the developing rat cerebellum. In the present study, we(More)
Alcohol exposure during development can cause brain malformations and neurobehavioral abnormalities. In view of the teratogenicity of ethanol, identification of molecules that could counteract the neurotoxic effects of alcohol deserves high priority. Here, we report that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) can prevent the deleterious(More)
The brain, like the gonads, adrenal glands, and placenta, is a steroidogenic organ. The steroids synthesized by the brain and by the nervous system, given the name neurosteroids, have a wide variety of diverse functions. In general, they mediate their actions not through classic steroid hormone nuclear receptors but through ion-gated neurotransmitter(More)