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High-dose 17alpha-ethinyl estradiol treatment is associated with increased adrenal and decreased hepatic levels of scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-BI) in rats. In this paper we explored the mechanisms responsible for the differential regulation of SR-BI by estrogen in these two tIssues. Previously it was shown that estrogen-treated rats are profoundly(More)
The scavenger receptor-BI (SR-BI) delivers sterols from circulating lipoproteins to tissues, but the relative potency of individual lipoproteins and the transported cholesterol has not been studied in detail. In this study, we used Chinese hamster ovary cells that express recombinant mouse SR-BI but have no functional low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors(More)
Scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI) is a cell surface glycoprotein that mediates selective uptake and efflux of sterols from high density lipoproteins (HDL) to cells. A Chinese hamster ovary cell line that is deficient in functional LDL receptors, but has high expression levels of recombinant SR-BI (ldlA7-SR-BI), was used to examine the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE Apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV is an antiatherogenic apolipoprotein, which may be involved in the regulation of food intake. Plasma apoA-IV is elevated in human obesity and apoA-IV polymorphisms have been associated with the extent of obesity. Our aim was to determine the effects of weight loss on plasma apo-IV in obese adolescents and to examine the(More)
The scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI), is the predominant receptor that supplies plasma cholesterol to steroidogenic tissues in rodents. We showed previously that steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) binds a sequence in the human SR-BI promoter whose integrity is required for high-level SR-BI expression in cultured adrenocortical tumor cells. We now(More)
Blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis) transmit the causative agent of Lyme disease in the Northeastern United States. Current research focuses on elucidating biochemical pathways that may be disrupted to prevent pathogen transmission, thereby preventing disease. Genome screening reported transcripts coding for two putative sulfotransferases in whole tick(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Apolipoprotein AV (apoAV) is a recently discovered apolipoprotein with a triglyceride-lowering effect in genetically modified mice. Transcription of the human gene encoding apoAV (APOA5) is suppressed by insulin and stimulated by fibrates. Our goal was to study the expression of Apoa5, in comparison with Apoa4 and Apoc3, in(More)
OBJECTIVE Density of sympathetic nerve fibers decreases in inflamed arthritic tissue tested by immunoreactivity towards tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH, catecholaminergic key enzyme). Since sympathetic nerve fibers may change phenotype from catecholaminergic to cholinergic (example: sweat glands), loss of nerve fibers may relate to undetectable TH. We aimed to(More)
Excessive synovial osteoclastogenesis is a hallmark of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Concomitantly, local synovial changes comprise neuronal components of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system. Here, we wanted to analyze if collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) alters bone marrow-derived macrophage (BMM) osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast activity, and how(More)