Hubert Schaller

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CYP703 is a cytochrome P450 family specific to land plants. Typically, each plant species contains a single CYP703. Arabidopsis thaliana CYP703A2 is expressed in the anthers of developing flowers. Expression is initiated at the tetrad stage and restricted to microspores and to the tapetum cell layer. Arabidopsis CYP703A2 knockout lines showed impaired(More)
During the course of a search for cDNAs encoding plant sterol acyltransferases, an expressed sequence tag clone presenting substantial identity with yeast and animal acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferases was used to screen cDNA libraries from Arabidopsis and tobacco. This resulted in the isolation of two full-length cDNAs encoding proteins of 520 and 532(More)
The Arabidopsis genome contains three distinct genes encoding sterol-C24-methyltransferases (SMTs) involved in sterol biosynthesis. The expression of one of them, STEROL METHYLTRANSFERASE 2;1, was modulated in 35S:SMT2;1 Arabidopsis in order to study its physiological function. Plants overexpressing the transgene accumulate sitosterol, a 24-ethylsterol(More)
CYP51 exists in all organisms that synthesize sterols de novo. Plant CYP51 encodes an obtusifoliol 14alpha-demethylase involved in the postsqualene sterol biosynthetic pathway. According to the current gene annotation, the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) genome contains two putative CYP51 genes, CYP51A1 and CYP51A2. Our studies revealed that CYP51A1(More)
Plant and metazoan microRNAs (miRNAs) guide ARGONAUTE (AGO) protein complexes to regulate expression of complementary RNAs via base pairing. In the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, the main miRNA effector is AGO1, but few other factors required for miRNA activity are known. Here, we isolate the genes defined by the previously described miRNA action deficient(More)
Sterols found in all eukaryotic organisms are membrane components which regulate the fluidity and the permeability of phospholipid bilayers. Certain sterols in minute amounts, such as campesterol in Arabidopsis thaliana, are precursors of oxidized steroids acting as growth hormones collectively named brassinosteroids. The crucial importance of(More)
The Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) xenobiotic inducible cytochrome P450, CYP76B1, catalyzes rapid oxidative dealkylation of various phenylurea herbicides to yield nonphytotoxic metabolites. We have found that increased herbicide metabolism and tolerance can be achieved by ectopic constitutive expression of CYP76B1 in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)(More)
Neurons have a high demand for cholesterol to develop and maintain membrane-rich structures like axons, dendrites and synapses, but it remains unclear, whether they can satisfy their need by costly de novo synthesis. To address this, we compared cholesterol synthesis in serum-free cultures of highly purified CNS neurons and glial cells from postnatal rats.(More)
Overexpression of Arabidopsis thaliana farnesyl diphosphate synthase isoform 1S (FPS1S) in transgenic A. thaliana (L.) Heynh. leads to necrotic lesion formation in leaves in planta and to premature senescence in detached leaves [A. Masferrer et al. (2002) Plant J 30:123–132]. Here we report that leaves of plants overexpressing FPS1S with symptoms of(More)
Suberin composition of various plants including Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) has shown the presence of very long chain fatty acid derivatives C20 in addition to the C16 and C18 series. Phylogenetic studies and plant genome mining have led to the identification of putative aliphatic hydroxylases belonging to the CYP86B subfamily of cytochrome P450(More)