Hubert Louis

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A novel transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) procedure using the EsophyX system with SerosaFuse fasteners was designed to reconstruct a full-thickness valve at the gastroesophageal junction through tailored delivery of multiple fasteners during a single-device insertion. The safety and efficacy of TIF for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease(More)
Gut-derived, endotoxin-mediated hepatocellular damage has been postulated to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of alcohol-induced liver injury in rodents. Endotoxins induce production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) by Kupffer cells via Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 and contribute to liver injury. This study addressed the contribution of other(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a severe complication of liver cirrhosis. Recently, ornipressin, a potent splanchnic vasoconstrictor, was reported to improve renal function in patients with HRS. However, this treatment is associated with a high incidence of vascular complications. Terlipressin is thought to be as effective as ornipressin with less(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS This aim was to determine whether endoscopic implantation of a biocompatible nonresorbable copolymer (Enteryx; Boston Scientific Corp, Natick, MA) is a more effective therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) than a sham procedure. METHODS In a randomized, single-blind, prospective, multicenter clinical trial, 64 patients with(More)
Experimental T-cell-mediated hepatitis induced by concanavalin A (Con A) involves the production of different cytokines and chemokines and is characterized by leukocyte infiltration. Because the chemokine receptor CCR5 and its ligands (CCL3, CCL4, and CCL5) regulate leukocyte chemotaxis and activation, we investigated the role of CCR5 during Con A-induced(More)
BACKGROUND GERD is the most frequent disorder of the esophagus. Endoscopic minimally invasive treatment is desirable. However, the results of injection techniques have been disappointing. METHODS A pilot study was conducted in patients with GERD, who required continuous therapy with a proton pump inhibitor, in which ethylene-vinyl-alcohol was injected(More)
Inflammation is commonly observed in liver diseases and is frequently complicated by fibrosis and cirrhosis in end-stage disease. The only curative treatment for cirrhotic patients is liver transplantation. However, organ shortage as well as an increasing organ demand call for early treatment of liver disease and prevention of fibrosis. Experimental data(More)
The implantation of Enteryx polymer in the LES is a fast, minimally invasive procedure with anticipated low procedural risks and limited costs. Preliminary clinical data after 6 months of follow-up show good results in more than 80% of the patients, with objective improvement of acid reflux time. Enteryx is effective in the management of GERD, as evidenced(More)
OBJECTIVE Increasing evidence implicates endothelin (ET)-1 in the pathophysiological development of cerebral vasospasm. This study examined the ability of TBC 11251 (TBC), a new ETA receptor antagonist, to prevent vasospasm in a rabbit model of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS Eighty-five New Zealand White rabbits were assigned to 1 of 10 groups.(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin 10 (IL-10) decreases the severity of experimental acute pancreatitis. The role of endogenous IL-10 in modulating the course of pancreatitis is currently unknown. AIMS To examine the systemic release of IL-10 and its messenger RNA production in the pancrease, liver, and lungs and analyse the effects of IL-10 neutralisation in(More)