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The forced oscillation technique (FOT) is a noninvasive method with which to measure respiratory mechanics. FOT employs small-amplitude pressure oscillations superimposed on the normal breathing and therefore has the advantage over conventional lung function techniques that it does not require the performance of respiratory manoeuvres. The present European(More)
To investigate the effect of positive or negative inspiratory pressure on respiration, eight subjects breathed, either without or with added external dead space (VD, 600 ml), through either added inspiratory laminar flow resistances (RES; peak inspiratory airway pressure, Pinsp, down to -9 cmH2O) or with inspiratory pressure support (IPS; Pinsp up to +10(More)
We propose a unified approach of the viscoelastic models introduced by Otis, Mead and Mount to describe the mechanical behaviour of the respiratory system. A single equation of motion is developed for these two-compartment models and solved in response to typical pressure and volume inputs. The analytic expression of the pressure response to rapid airway(More)
The aim of this study was to test the ability of a simple two segment model to describe the frequency dependence of resistive impedance in obstructive patients, and to investigate the significance of parameters derived from this model. The study was performed in 38 patients, in the basal state and after inhalation of 200 micrograms salbutamol. Impedance(More)
The performance of the forced oscillation technique (FOT) in the assessment of bronchial responsiveness on the methacholine challenge test was compared with that of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in 119 active workers with normal baseline pulmonary function. Changes in resistance (delta R0%), frequency dependence of resistance (delta P) and(More)
The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of three treatments aiming to reduce nasal airflow resistance (NR): an external nasal strip device (Respir+), an internal nasal mechanical dilator (Nozovent), and a topical decongestant (Pernazène). NR was estimated by active posterior rhinometry at both a 0.5 L/s flow (NRF) and a 1 cm H2O pressure(More)
Respiratory impedance was estimated between 4 and 30 Hz by spectral analysis of the mouth flow and pressure signals measured in spontaneously breathing subjects when applying a pseudorandom pressure excitation at the mouth. The signals were submitted to antialiasing low-pass filtering followed by digital preprocessing before the calculation of spectra by a(More)
We compared the cumulative dose-response curves obtained during carbachol inhalation by simultaneous measurements of airway specific conductance (sGaw) and respiratory conductance, in 23 subjects with or without bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The sGaw was measured by a body plethysmograph, whilst the random noise forced oscillation technique (FOT) was used(More)
Ideally, the inspired (tidal) volume (V(T)) provided by a volume-controlled ventilation device should not change when the pressure imposed on the ventilator varies. A bench study evaluation of V(T) versus pressure was performed on 10 commercially available devices. The difference between the desired V(T) and the observed V(T) reached 100 mL for some devices(More)
Inflation of the leg compartments of pneumatic trousers increases thoracic blood volume. The resultant response in respiratory impedence was investigated in nine normal volunteers, and compared with the response to increasing doses of inhaled carbachol. Respiratory impedance was measured by the forced oscillation technique (4-32 Hz), and respiratory(More)