Hubert Lorino

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To investigate the effect of positive or negative inspiratory pressure on respiration, eight subjects breathed, either without or with added external dead space (VD, 600 ml), through either added inspiratory laminar flow resistances (RES; peak inspiratory airway pressure, Pinsp, down to -9 cmH2O) or with inspiratory pressure support (IPS; Pinsp up to +10(More)
We propose a unified approach of the viscoelastic models introduced by Otis, Mead and Mount to describe the mechanical behaviour of the respiratory system. A single equation of motion is developed for these two-compartment models and solved in response to typical pressure and volume inputs. The analytic expression of the pressure response to rapid airway(More)
The aim of this study was to test the ability of a simple two segment model to describe the frequency dependence of resistive impedance in obstructive patients, and to investigate the significance of parameters derived from this model. The study was performed in 38 patients, in the basal state and after inhalation of 200 micrograms salbutamol. Impedance(More)
Respiratory impedance was estimated between 4 and 30 Hz by spectral analysis of the mouth flow and pressure signals measured in spontaneously breathing subjects when applying a pseudorandom pressure excitation at the mouth. The signals were submitted to antialiasing low-pass filtering followed by digital preprocessing before the calculation of spectra by a(More)
Total respiratory impedance has been measured between 3-42 Hz by the forced random noise technique, in 15 subjects breathing either air or a helium oxygen mixture in three experimental conditions: at basal state, and then with a resistor or a tube added at the mouth. Impedance is modelled, either by a 4-parameter model (M4), derived from the series model(More)
The effects of tidal volume amplitude on bronchopulmonary reactivity were investigated in three groups of 14 anesthetized paralyzed mechanically ventilated guinea pigs. Animals of group 1 served as control; in animals of group 2, both the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems were blocked; in animals of group 3, only the parasympathetic system was(More)
Plotting a line to the variables obtained during a panting maneuver, i.e. thoracic volume and mouth pressure, is the conventional way of computing plethysmographic thoracic gas volume (TGV). This procedure is reliable if the magnitude of the thoracic volume changes is large compared to the drift on the signal; this is one of the major problems in volumetric(More)
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