Hubert Lorino

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The forced oscillation technique (FOT) is a noninvasive method with which to measure respiratory mechanics. FOT employs small-amplitude pressure oscillations superimposed on the normal breathing and therefore has the advantage over conventional lung function techniques that it does not require the performance of respiratory manoeuvres. The present European(More)
To assess the effects of obesity on pulmonary function, 46 healthy subjects exhibiting various degrees of obesity underwent lung function tests. Subjects were divided into three groups according to body mass index (BMI): 13 had minimal obesity (BMI, 25 to 29 kg/m2, group 1); 24 had a BMI in the 30 to 40 range (group 2); and 9 displayed to morbid obesity(More)
Breathing through an endotracheal tube and a demand valve may increase the work performed by the respiratory muscles. Inspiratory pressure support (PS) is known to reduce this work and might therefore compensate for this increased requirement. To test this hypothesis, we measured the work of breathing (WOB) in 11 patients whose tracheas were intubated. Five(More)
A bench study using an artificial lung model and a clinical study in patients were performed to evaluate six commercially available home pressure support devices. Six devices were tested in the in vitro study, including five designed for home use and one designed for use in intensive care units. Minimal positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) varied across(More)
The work of breathing is a major determinant of the success of weaning from mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study was to assess whether an inhaled bronchodilator could reduce the mechanical load on the respiratory muscles and diminish the work. For this purpose, 15 intubated patients in the process of weaning from mechanical ventilation inhaled the(More)
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices with a servo-mechanism to control pressure have recently been developed. We evaluated six such devices and three conventional systems in terms of effectiveness in maintaining constant pressure. Machines were tested with pressure levels of 5, 10 and 15 cmH2O. Dynamic behaviour was evaluated: 1) by(More)
During assisted ventilation, the same tidal volume can be delivered in different ways, with the possibility for the physician to vary the ventilatory target (pressure or volume) and the peak flow setting. We compared the effects on the respiratory work rate of assisted ventilation, delivered either with a square wave flow pattern (assist control ventilation(More)
We compared the efficacy of three devices delivering assisted non-invasive ventilation with different working mechanisms, during room air breathing and during CO2-induced hyperventilation. In seven healthy volunteers, breathing pattern, respiratory muscle activity and comfort were assessed: during unassisted spontaneous breathing through a mouth-piece (SB);(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM) has been used as a vesicant chemical warfare agent. To investigate the respiratory damages it causes, we studied the effects on guinea pigs of an intratracheal injection of 0.3 mg/kg of SM 5 h and 14 days after injection. Five hours after SM intoxication, respiratory system resistance and microvascular permeability were increased. These(More)
The aim of this study was to test the ability of a simple two segment model to describe the frequency dependence of resistive impedance in obstructive patients, and to investigate the significance of parameters derived from this model. The study was performed in 38 patients, in the basal state and after inhalation of 200 micrograms salbutamol. Impedance(More)