Learn More
We study discretisation effects in cellular automata models for pedestrian dynamics by reducing the cell size. Then a particle occupies more than one cell which leads to subtle effects in the dynamics, e.g. non-local conflict situations. Results from computer simulations of the floor field model are compared with empirical findings. Furthermore the(More)
This paper discusses basic findings on crowd movement and their application to simulation models. This includes empirical and experimental results concerning group behavior , pedestrian motion, and emergency egress. Next to a literature review, we will present own empirical investigations on walking speed distribution and the dependency of walking speed on(More)
The modeling of pedestrian movement has received growing interest over the last decades. This is due to the potential applications in facility design and especially evacuation simulation as well as the fascination of its fundamental properties. Empirical data plays a particular role with respect to both aspects. The key challenge in modeling and simulating(More)
In this article, we show tow examples for the application of pedestrian flow simulation and analysis: the World Youth Day 2005 in Cologne and the egress (non-emergency) from a football stadium. Various circumstances are specific for religious events. The persons might perform rituals and therefore the patterns of movement or gathering are governed by rules(More)
Computer simulations have become an important tool for analysing egress processes and assessing evacuation concepts. Especially so called microscopic models can by now be considered state of the art. In this paper we will describe the software PedGo which is based on a 2D cellular automaton and its application to the simulation of evacuations form large and(More)
Multi-Agent Simulation is a general and powerful framework for understanding and predicting the behaviour of social systems. Here we investigate the behaviour of pedestrians and human crowds, especially their physical movement. Our aim is to build a bridge between the multi-agent and pedestrian dynamics communities that facilitates the validation and(More)
The analysis of evacuation processes onboard passenger ships has attracted increasing interest over the last years. Especially the introduction of so called performance based requirements as stated in SOLAS II-2/28-1.3 leads towards a more comprehensive assessment. However, for a thorough investigation of the evacuation performance it is not sufficient to(More)
Kurzfassung In diesem Artikel werden zwei Simulationen für Fußgängerverkehr vorgestellt. Beide beru-hen auf einem Zellularautomaten–Modell. Das erste Modell beschreibt die grundsätzliche Bewegung von Fußgängern zwei entgegengesetzter Laufrichtung in einem langen Gang. Das zweite Modell stellt eine Evakuierungssimulation dar, die für verschiedene(More)