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An important question facing physicians who care for families with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2a is whether prospective screening to detect early abnormalities of the thyroid, parathyroid, or adrenal glands favorably influences the ultimate course of the disease. An 18-year study of a large family has allowed us to examine the effect of early(More)
The present studies investigated the expression of the two PDGF genes (c-sis/PDGF-2 and PDGF-1) and the PDGF-receptor b gene (PDGF-R) in 34 primary human astrocytomas. Northern blot analysis demonstrated the coexpression of the c-sis/PDGF-2 protooncogene and the PDGF-R gene in all astrocytomas examined. The majority of the tumors also expressed the PDGF-1(More)
Recent studies indicate that mutations in the androgen receptor gene are associated with androgen insensitivity syndromes, a heterogeneous group of related disorders involving defective sexual differentiation in karyotypic males. In this report, we address the possibility of rapid mutational analysis of the androgen receptor gene for initial diagnosis,(More)
The prognostic significance of intramammary lymphatic and blood vessel invasion was evaluated in a retrospective series of 221 patients with node-negative carcinoma of the breast treated with modified radical mastectomy. To facilitate identification of lymphatic and blood vessel invasion, the tumors were studied with an immunohistochemical technique using(More)
The ABH blood group isoantigen status of a retrospective series of 233 invasive breast carcinomas was examined, employing monoclonal antibodies (MCAB) against A, B, and H antigens with the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex method. In addition, the H antigen was localized with Ulex Europeus Agglutinin I (UEAI) binding. The MCABs provided consistent and(More)
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a distinctive neoplasm which is derived from the calcitonin-producing intrathyroidal C-cell system and which develops commonly in untreated rats of various strains. Thyroid glands of Long-Evans rats ranging in age from 3 months to 3 years showed a spectrum of C-cell proliferative abnormalities. As compared to 3-month-old(More)
We entered 60 patients with primary biliary cirrhosis in a double-blind randomized controlled trial to determine whether colchicine is therapeutically effective. Thirty patients had early disease (Stages 1 and 2), and 30 had advanced disease (Stages 3 and 4). Fifteen patients with early disease and 15 with advanced disease received colchicine (0.6 mg twice(More)
Nine duodenal carcinoids from patients with von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis (VRNF) were investigated for their morphologic, immunocytochemical, and ultrastructural characteristics, and were compared with seven similar tumors from patients without VRNF. Strong similarities were found between tumors in each group. Irrespective of their association with(More)