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BACKGROUND The benefit of the sitting position for surgery of the posterior fossa and cervical spine is still a matter of controversy. In our study we analyzed the outcome after sitting position surgery at our institution. We compared the incidence of venous air embolism (VAE) as recognized with different monitoring techniques and the severity of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and safety of pyridostigmine for the reversal of a neuromuscular block (NMB) in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). In patients with DMD recovery from a rocuronium-induced NMB is markedly delayed. METHODS Fourteen DMD patients (aged between 11 and 19 years) scheduled for elective(More)
PURPOSE During presurgical evaluation, 14 patients with medically intractable focal epilepsies underwent magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings for focus localization. To increase the number of epileptic discharges required for MEG analysis, we administered methohexital (MHT), a short-acting barbiturate known to provoke epileptic activity. We also(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that the incidence of difficult intubation in acromegalic patients is higher than in normal patients. However, these studies were retrospective and did not include preoperative assessment of the airways. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of difficult intubation and to assess the usefulness of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to investigate the differences between TIVA with propofol/remifentanil (P/R) and balanced anaesthesia with sevoflurane/fentanyl (S/F) in gynaecological laparoscopic surgery. Emphasis was put on haemodynamic reaction, recovery profile, postoperative side effects and patient satisfaction. METHODS Sixty patients were(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of head and neck elevation beyond the "sniffing position" during difficult direct laryngoscopy. DESIGN Prospective case series, with each patient serving as her or his control. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS 21 patients scheduled for general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation, all of whom presented(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) the response to nondepolarizing muscle relaxants is scarcely documented and conflicting. The current study was conducted to determine the time to peak effect and the time for complete spontaneous recovery after a single dose of 0.6 mg/kg of rocuronium in patients with DMD. METHODS Twenty-four(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Studies with rocuronium showed a delayed onset and prolonged recovery in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The objective of this study was to identify the pharmacokinetic and/or pharmacodynamic origin of these alterations. METHODS Twenty-five male patients (15 with DMD, 10 controls, aged 10-18 years) were studied.(More)
UNLABELLED We studied the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) release and positioning on the occurrence of venous air embolism (VAE). Eighteen consecutive patients (8 women, 10 men; ASA grade I-III) undergoing neurosurgery in the sitting position were studied. After induction of anesthesia ventilation was controlled with a PEEP of 5 cm H(2)O(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) recovery from neuromuscular block is delayed. It has been assumed that this is because of a higher potency of muscle relaxants in this patient cohort. We determined the peak effect, and the time course of action of rocuronium 0.3 mg x kg(-1) (ED(95)) in DMD patients. METHODS Twenty-four(More)