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BACKGROUND Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in concert with insulin-like binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), insulin-like binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2), human growth hormone (GH) and P53 protein is involved in autocrine/paracrine growth signaling pathways as an adaptive response to environmental stimuli. OBJECTIVE The study evaluated the local secretion of(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to evaluate maternal levels of leptin and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in pregnancy complicated with hypertension and to assess the role of cytokines in predicting the risk of cesarean section. MATERIAL/METHODS This was a cohort study with a prospective follow-up. After proportional sampling procedure, the study included(More)
High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types cause cervical lesions of varying severity, ranging from transient productive infections to high-grade neoplasia. Disease stratification requires the examination of lesional pathology, and possibly also the detection of biomarkers. P16(INK4a) and MCM are established surrogates of high-risk HPV E6/E7 activity, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the immunohistochemical expression of vascular endothelial growth factors VEGF-C and D, as well as the expression of VEGFR-3 in VIN and vulvar invasive cancer and to compare the density of lymphatic marker D2-40 antibody in both groups, and to compare them with different clinicopathologic features. MATERIALS(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women in the U.S. and Europe. In the early stages of the disease, women are treated surgically, which is supplemented with hormonal therapy, immuno-, chemo- or radiotherapy. Postoperative qualification for further treatment is based on clinical stage, the pathology of the tumor and classic prognostic(More)
OBJECTIVE Verify that resistance to aspirin may have an impact on pregnancy and neonatal outcome. METHODS We enrolled 43 pregnant women, aged 30.7 ± 4.0 years regularly taking 75 mg of aspirin daily and 32 (aged 30.8 ± 4 years) pregnant women not receiving aspirin who served as control group. Laboratory tests were performed at 18 to 22 weeks of gestation,(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a major clinical problem. The number of obese pregnant women is rising rapidly. The consequences of obesity are significant and affect every aspect of perinatal care for both the mother and the developing fetus. Adipose tissue may be responsible for chronic subclinical inflammation in obesity, being a source of inflammatory mediators.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this research was to assess the dynamics of autonomic nervous system(ANS) and hemodynamic activity changes during uncomplicated pregnancy. METHODS We enrolled 36 pregnant women (mean age 29 ± 4.8 years) and a control group of 10 non-pregnant women (mean age 25.9 ± 0.88 years). The examination was performed in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension during pregnancy is a heterogeneous group of disorders with elevated blood pressure with or without proteinuria. The multiple researches are held on the subject of a genetic conditioning of preeclampsia and pregnancy induced hypertension. OBJECTIVES The study was designed to evaluate the impact of the single nucleotide polymorphism(More)