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Apoptosis or programmed cell death is a set of ordered events that enables the selective removal of cells from tissue and is essential for homeostasis and proper function of multicellular organisms. Components of this signaling network, which include ligands, such as CD95, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, as well as(More)
The rapid development of new diagnostic procedures, the mapping of the human genome, progress in mapping genetic polymorphisms, and recent advances in nucleic acid- and protein chip technologies are driving the development of personalized therapies. This breakthrough in medicine is expected to be achieved largely due to the implementation of(More)
Caspases are crucial mediators of apoptosis, a form of physiological cell death. Their activation is carefully controlled by a philogenetically conserved death program, which is indispensable for the homeostasis and development of higher organisms. Dysregulation of apoptosis contributes to the pathogenesis of many human diseases. As effectors of the(More)
BACKGROUND HIPK2 (homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2) has been identified as a nuclear serine/threonine kinase. A central function of HIPK2 is repressing transcription of homeodomain containing transcription factors. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS We show here that HIPK2 activates transcription mediated by tumor suppressor p53 responsive promoter elements.(More)
The normalization of data obtained from hybridization experiments with DNA chips to determine mRNA expression and concentration (gene expression profiling) is an unsolved problem. Furthermore, slight changes in mRNA expression or small numbers of mRNA molecules which may be relevant to disease cannot be detected so far. We have designed a method to(More)
Under the Adverse Drug Reactions Information Scheme (ADRIS) data and knowledge relevant to the etiology of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) such as chemical structure of parent compounds, metabolites, covalent adducts, nucleic acid and protein sequences, protein structures, pharmaco-, toxico- and enzyme kinetics, pharmaco- and toxicodynamics, protein(More)
Motivation: Protein domains are usually identified by conserved regions in the primary amino acid structure. Protein functions are dependent on the 3-dimensional structure and the biochemical properties of the amino acids. 3-Dimensional structures are stabilized by interactions between amino acids which are not adjacent in the primary structure. To preserve(More)