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The recombinant laccase from Thermus thermophilus was applied to the biobleaching of wheat straw pulp. The best bleaching effect was when the pulp was treated with 3 U laccase g−1 dry pulp at 90°C, pH 4.5, 8% consistency for 1.5 h. Under these conditions, the pulp brightness was increased by 3.3% ISO, and the pulp kappa number was decreased by 5.6 U.(More)
Acetoin, a major extracellular catabolic product of Bacillus subtilis cultured on glucose, is widely used to add flavor to food and also serves as a precursor for chemical synthesis. The biosynthesis of acetoin from pyruvate requires the enzymes α-acetolactate synthase (ALS) and α-acetolactate decarboxylase (ALDC), both of which are encoded by the alsSD(More)
Acetoin reductase/2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase (AR/BDH), which catalyzes the interconversion between acetoin and 2,3-butanediol, plays an important role in distribution of the products pools. This work characterized the Bacillus subtilis AR/BDH for the first time. The enzyme showed very different pH preferences of pH 6.5 for reduction and pH 8.5 for(More)
In the phenylpropanoid production process, p-coumaric acid is the most important intermediate metabolite. It is generally accepted that the activity of tyrosine ammonia-lyase (TAL), which converts l-tyrosine to p-coumaric acid, represents the rate-limiting step. Therefore, an error-prone PCR-based random mutagenesis strategy was utilized for screening(More)
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