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We address the problem of understanding an indoor scene from a single image in terms of recovering the room geometry (floor, ceiling, and walls) and furniture layout. A major challenge of this task arises from the fact that most indoor scenes are cluttered by furniture and decorations, whose appearances vary drastically across scenes, thus can hardly be(More)
Oxidative stress causes mitochondrial dysfunction and metabolic complications through unknown mechanisms. Cardiolipin (CL) is a key mitochondrial phospholipid required for oxidative phosphorylation. Oxidative damage to CL from pathological remodeling is implicated in the etiology of mitochondrial dysfunction commonly associated with diabetes, obesity, and(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Amniotic fluid (AF) is a well-known source of stem cells. However, there have been no reports regarding equine AF stem cells. We have isolated equine AF-derived multipotent stem cells (MSC) (eAF-MSC) and show that these cells exhibit self-renewal ability and multilineage differentiation. METHODS AF was obtained from thoroughbred mares and(More)
Combining information from the higher level and the lower level has long been recognized as an essential component in holistic image understanding. However, an efficient inference method for multi-level models remains an open problem. Moreover, modeling the complex relations within real world images often gives rise to energy terms that couple many(More)
Oxidative stress causes mitochondrial fragmentation and dysfunction in age-related diseases through unknown mechanisms. Cardiolipin (CL) is a phospholipid required for mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. The function of CL is determined by its acyl composition, which is significantly altered by the onset of age-related diseases. Here, we examine a role(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been reported to possess low immunogenicity and cause immunosuppression of recipients when allografted. They can differentiate into insulin-producing cells and may be a valuable source for islet formation. However, the extremely low differentiating rate of adult BMSCs toward insulin-producing cells and the(More)
Spermatogonia and sperm-like cells can be derived in vitro via the addition of RA (retinoic acid) to pluripotent ES and EG cells. At present, however, these cells have not been derived from unipotent cells. Here, we have generated premeiotic Stra8-positive cells from C2C12 myoblasts following treatment with 10 μM all-trans-RA for 8 days. The differentiated(More)
Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) express telomerase and have unlimited proliferative potential. To study telomerase activation during reprogramming, 3 classes of embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like clones were isolated from mouse fibroblasts containing a transgenic hTERT reporter. Class I expressed few pluripotency markers, whereas class II contained many, but not(More)
This study examined the effects of a chemically defined culture medium supplement, knock-out serum replacement (KSR), on the growth and differentiation of human embryonic germ cells (hEgc) and found that the efficiency of the initial establishment of hEGC lines in KSR medium was significantly higher than in fetal calf serum (FCS) medium. The percentage of(More)