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Women are exposed to estrogen in several forms, such as oral contraceptive pills and hormone replacement therapy. Although estrogen was believed to be cardioprotective, lately, its beneficial effects are being questioned. Recent studies indicate that oxidative stress in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) may play a role in the development of(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) expression is markedly reduced in dorsal root ganglia neurons in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). This decrease in such a potent vasodilator may contribute to the elevated blood pressure. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether stimulation of neuronal CGRP expression in SHR, by means of(More)
Inhibition of nitric oxide production with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) increases blood pressure and fetal mortality in pregnant rats. We previously reported that administration of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) reduces the blood pressure and fetal death produced by L-NAME. To determine the hemodynamic role of endogenous CGRP in this(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a basic helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim transcription factor that mediates induction of metabolic enzymes and toxicity of certain environmental pollutants. Although AHR knockout (KO) mice develop cardiac hypertrophy, conflicting reports associate this pathology with hypotension or endothelin (ET)-1-dependent(More)
CGRP and substance P (SP) are produced in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) sensory neurons and modulate vascular tone. Sympathetic and sensory nerves compete for NGF, a potent stimulator of CGRP and SP, and it has been suggested that sympathetic hyperinnervation in spontaneously hypertensive rats may reduce the availability of NGF to sensory nerves, thus reducing(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide is a potent vasodilator neuropeptide that is localized in perivascular sensory nerves. To determine whether alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide possesses protective activity against hypertension-induced end organ damage, hypertension was induced in alpha-calcitonin gene-related/calcitonin peptide knockout and wild-type mice(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a potent vasodilator, is produced in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons which extend nerves peripherally to blood vessels and centrally to the spinal cord. We previously reported that neuronal CGRP expression is significantly reduced in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) which could contribute to the elevated BP.(More)
Primary cultures of adult rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) sensory neurons were used to determine whether bradykinin and prostaglandins E₁ (PGE₁), E₂ (PGE₂) or I₂ (PGI₂) stimulate long-term calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) mRNA accumulation and peptide release. Treatment (24 h) of neurons with either bradykinin or PGE₁, significantly increased CGRP mRNA(More)
We investigated the effects of chronic mineralocorticoid receptor blockade with eplerenone on the development and progression of hypertension and end organ damage in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Eplerenone significantly attenuated the progressive rise in systolic blood pressure (SBP) (204 ± 3 vs. 179±3 mmHg, p < 0.05), reduced proteinuria (605.5 ± 29.6 vs.(More)
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