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Chemical regulation of connexin (Cx) 40 and Cx43 follows a ball-and-chain model, in which the carboxyl terminal (CT) domain acts as a gating particle that binds to a receptor affiliated with the pore. Moreover, Cx40 channels can be closed by a heterodomain interaction with the CT domain of Cx43 and vice versa. Here, we report similar interactions in the(More)
Clostridium difficile toxin A (TcdA) and toxin B (TcdB) are the major virulence factors involved in C. difficile-associated diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis. TcdA and TcdB both contain at least four distinct domains: the glucosyltransferase domain, cysteine protease domain, receptor binding domain, and translocation domain. Few studies have(More)
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