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Based on worst-case performance optimization, the recently developed adaptive beamformers utilize the uncertainty set of the desired array steering vector to achieve robustness against steering vector mismatches. In the presence of large steering vector mismatches, the uncertainty set has to expand to accommodate the increased error. This degrades the(More)
Adult community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (CA-MSSA) skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) in China is not well described. A prospective cohort of adults with SSTI was established between January 2009 and August 2010 at 4 hospitals in Beijing. Susceptibility testing and molecular(More)
A magnetic adsorbent can be easily recovered from treated water by magnetic force, without requiring further downstream treatment. In this research, amine-functionalized silica magnetite has been synthesized using N-[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]-ethylenediamine (TPED) as a surface modification agent. The synthesized magnetic amine adsorbents were used to(More)
— A convex optimization based beampattern synthesis method with antenna selection is proposed for linear and planar arrays. Conjugate symmetric beamforming weights are used so that the upper and non-convex lower bound constraints on the beampattern can be convex. Thus, a mainlobe of an arbitrary beamwidth and response ripple can be obtained. This method can(More)
Conventional wideband beamformers are known highly sensitive to gain and phase errors in microphone characteristics, especially for small-sized arrays. Recently, a robust design approach for nearfield wideband beamformers using worst case performance optimization has been proposed. However, the worst case performance optimization criterion might be overly(More)
This letter studies the mainlobe misorientation problem of the First-Order Steerable Differential Array (FOSDA) in the presence of microphone gain and phase errors, whose response is constructed by a linear combination of monopole and two orthogonal dipoles using a four-element square array. It is shown that the mainlobe orientation of the FOSDA will be(More)
The frequency invariant beamforming for microphone arrays is of great interest in practice for distortionless acoustic signal acquisition. Several design approaches for frequency invariant beamformers (FIBs) have been proposed in the literature. However, most of these approaches assume the ideal microphone characteristics, whose performance deteriorates(More)