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Urine metabolic profiles of patients with inborn errors of metabolism were examined with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) methods. Spectra obtained from the study of urine samples from individual patients with argininosuccinic aciduria (ASA), classic homocystinuria (HCY), classic(More)
By gently bubbling nitrogen gas through beer, an effervescent beverage, both volatile and non-volatile compounds can be simultaneously sampled in the form of aerosol. This allows for fast (within seconds) fingerprinting by extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EESI-MS) in both negative and positive ion mode, without the need for any sample(More)
The carbon-bonded gas-phase Meisenheimer complex of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and the nitromethyl carbanion CH(2)NO(2)(-) (m/z 60) is generated for the first time by chemical ionization using nitromethane as the reagent gas. Collision-induced dissociation (CID) of the Meisenheimer complex furnishes deprotonated TNT, a result of the higher gas-phase(More)
Desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy are used to provide data on urine examined without sample preparation to allow differentiation between diseased (lung cancer) and healthy mice. Principal component analysis (PCA) is used to shortlist compounds with potential for biomarker(More)
Without any sample pretreatment, trace amounts of melamine in various milk products were rapidly detected noting the characteristic fragments (i.e., m/z 110, 85, and 60) in the MS/MS spectrum of protonated melamine molecules (m/z 127) recorded by using surface desorption atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Signal responses of the(More)
The effect of diet on metabolites found in rat urine samples has been investigated using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and a new ambient ionization mass spectrometry experiment, extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EESI-MS). Urine samples from rats with three different dietary regimens were readily distinguished using multivariate(More)
The prediction of epileptic seizures is a very important issue in the neural engineering. This is because it may improve the life quality of the patients who are suffering from uncontrolled epilepsy. In our earlier work, we found that the dynamical characteristics of EEG data with recurrence quantification analysis (RQA), also called complexity measure, can(More)
On-line droplet-droplet extraction occurs when a sample spray intersects a reagent electrospray; this allows continuous analysis of trace amounts of compounds directly in complex matrices including undiluted urine, milk and polluted water over extended periods of time.
In the course of this study, desorption atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (DAPCI-MS) was applied to readily acquire the mass spectral fingerprints of camphor wood and other wood samples under ambient conditions. Characteristic natural analytes, such as camphor and geraniol, were successfully detected in their protonated form and(More)