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The effect of diet on metabolites found in rat urine samples has been investigated using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and a new ambient ionization mass spectrometry experiment, extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EESI-MS). Urine samples from rats with three different dietary regimens were readily distinguished using multivariate(More)
By using silver cations (Ag⁺) as the ionic reagent in reactive extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EESI-MS), the concentrations of acetonitrile in exhaled breath samples from the volunteers including active smokers, passive smokers, and non-smokers were quantitatively measured in vivo, without any sample pretreatment. A limit of detection(More)
Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) is a useful biomarker of various physiological conditions, including asthma and other pulmonary diseases. Herein a fast and sensitive analytical method has been developed for the quantitative detection of eNO based on extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EESI-MS). Exhaled NO molecules selectively reacted with(More)
Aerosol drugs dominate a significant share of pharmaceutical preparations on the market. A novel sensitive method utilizing nano extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nanoEESI-MS) has been developed for the rapid analysis of aerosol drug samples with quantitative information. Without any sample pretreatment, aerosol drugs were manually(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, and early diagnosis needs to be improved. We examined whether neutral desorption extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ND-EESI-MS) could be used to detect sputum lipids expression changes to enable earlier diagnosis. Overall, 167 NSCLC patients and 140(More)
A straight-forward analytical strategy called internal extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (iEESI-MS), which combines solvent extraction of chemicals inside a bulk sample with in situ electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, has been established to directly characterize the interior of a bulk sample with molecular specificity. The method(More)
The chemical sensitivity of urine metabolomics analysis is greatly compromised due to the large amounts of inorganic salts in urine (NaCl, KCl), which are detrimental to analytical instrumentation, e.g. chromatographic columns or mass spectrometers. Traditional desalting approaches applied to urine pretreatment suffer from the chemical losses, which reduce(More)
A sensitive mass spectrometric analysis method based on the microwave plasma technique is developed for the fast detection of trace rare earth elements (REEs) in aqueous solution. The plasma was produced from a microwave plasma torch (MPT) under atmospheric pressure and was used as ambient ion source of a linear ion trap mass spectrometer (LTQ). Water(More)
Tissue spray ionization mass spectrometry (TSI-MS) directly on small tissue samples has been shown to provide highly specific molecular information. In this study, we apply this method to the analysis of 38 pairs of human lung squamous cell carcinoma tissue (cancer) and adjacent normal lung tissue (normal). The main components of pulmonary surfactants,(More)
The high-throughput and sensitive characterization of native proteins in biological samples is of increasing interest in multiple disciplines. Extractive electrospray ionization (EESI) forms ions of native proteins including lysozyme, α-chymotrypsin, myoglobin, human serum albumin, RNAse A and blood hemoglobin in extremely complex biosamples or PBS buffer(More)
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