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BACKGROUND The liver-specific glucokinase knockout (gckw/-) mouse experiences long-term hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. This study was designed to evaluate the functional and structural changes in the myocardium of 60 week-old gckw/- mice, and to investigate the effect of rosiglitazone on the myocardium in this model. METHODS 60 week-old gckw/- mice(More)
Alloxan is a classical diabetogen which is used to achieve beta-cell destruction and type 1 diabetes due to its selective cytotoxic effect on pancreatic beta-cells. Although alloxan-induced diabetes is widely used in the laboratory to mimic diabetic pathology and for screening antidiabetic drugs, there has not been any comprehensive research in vivo on its(More)
BACKGROUND Glucokinase (GCK) plays an important role in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism. In the liver, phosphorylation of glucose to glucose-6-phosphate by GCK is the first step for both glycolysis and glycogen synthesis. However, some vertebrate species are deficient in GCK activity in the liver, despite containing GCK genes that appear to be(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have been found to be associated with the progression and metastasis of breast cancer. To clarify the mechanisms underlying the crosstalk between TAMs and cancer stem cells (CSCs) in breast cancer recurrence and metastasis, we used a co-culture model of macrophages and apoptotic human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 cells(More)
Hexokinases (HK) phosphorylate sugar immediately upon its entry into cells allowing these sugars to be metabolized. A total of four hexokinases have been characterized in a diversity of vertebrates-HKI, HKII, HKIII, and HKIV. HKIV is often called glucokinase (GCK) and has half the molecular weight of the other hexokinases, as it only has one hexokinase(More)
Zinc Finger Nucleases (ZFNs), famous for their ability to precisely and efficiently modify specific genomic loci, have been employed in numerous transgenic model organism and cell constructions. Here we employ the ZFNs technology, with homologous recombination (HR), to construct sequence-specific Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) knock-in cells. With the use(More)
The effect of mouse resistin on hepatic insulin resistance in vivo and in vitro, and its possible molecular mechanism were examined. Focusing on liver glycogen metabolism and gluconeogenesis, which are important parts of glucose metabolism, in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes we found that glycogen content was significantly lower (P<0.05) after treatment(More)
Resistin has been considered to link obesity with type 2 diabetes. Liver glycogen metabolism plays an essential role in maintaining glucose homeostasis, we investigated the effect of resistin on liver glycogen metabolism and attempted to identify its role in initiating insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Primary culture of rat hepatocytes was treated by(More)
BACKGROUND Glucokinase plays important tissue-specific roles in human physiology, where it acts as a sensor of blood glucose levels in the pancreas, and a few other cells of the gut and brain, and as the rate-limiting step in glucose metabolism in the liver. Liver-specific expression is driven by one of the two tissue-specific promoters, and has an absolute(More)
Obesity is highly associated with type 2 diabetes where free fatty acids (FFAs) may be a trigger factor. To examine this hypothesis, in this study, we investigated the role of FFAs in the pathogenic development of type 2 diabetes. The release of insulin, the expression of preproinsulin (PPI), glucose transporter2 (GLUT2) and pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1(More)