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The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether steady-state evoked potential (SSEP) can be used for objective estimation of auditory thresholds in patients with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Eleven subjects (22 ears) with a characteristic audiometric notch between 3000 and 6000 Hz participated in this study. Both pure-tone thresholds and SSEP(More)
In three different experiments pairs of unrelated people sitting in two different rooms were exposed simultaneously to different rates of circumcerebral rotations of weak, complex magnetic fields in order to produce "dynamic similarity". Quantitative electroencephalographic (QEEG) measurements were taken for one member of each pair in one room while the(More)
Interferon (IFN)-gamma expression is altered in pulmonary lesions, such as cavities and granulomas. However, the exact association between patterns on chest radiography and IFN-gamma responses are unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the IFN-gamma response in patients with tuberculosis and to correlate the pulmonary lesions with the IFN-gamma(More)
This study aimed to analyze the epidemiologic patterns of pediatric critically-ill patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) and the etiologies of intensive care unit (ICU) admission of different age groups.This retrospective study of all children aged less than 18 years presenting with critical illnesses to the ED was conducted in a tertiary(More)
UNLABELLED Sugar control is important in patients with sepsis. Interleukin (IL)-12 induces the polarization of CD4(+) T cells to the T helper 1 (Th1) phenotype. Regulatory T (T(reg)) cells are important in immunity and disease. The aim of this work is to determine whether hyperglycemia or insulin alters IL-12 response in peripheral mononuclear cells(More)
BACKGROUND Blood glucose levels should be controlled in patients with critical ill, regardless of whether they are diabetic. Whether hyperglycemia or insulin influences the pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory cytokine production in circulating cells remains unclear. In this study, we attempted to identify how hyperglycemia and insulin affect cytokine(More)
The authors assessed the gene polymorphisms of missense C/T polymorphism in exon 6 of the urokinase-plasminogen activator (PLAU) gene (PLAU P141L), Alu-repeat in intron 8 of the tissue-type plasminogen activator (PLAT) gene (PLAT TPA25 Alu insertion), and 4G/5G in the promoter region of the serine proteinase inhibitor, clade E (SERPINE) or plasminogen(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN The serial or dynamic changes of cytokine levels in severely septic patients, between shock and no shock, survivors and non-survivors are still unclear. METHODS Seventy-six patients with severe sepsis were enrolled to our study. Plasma levels of interferon-gamma, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, IL-12 and transforming growth factor-beta1(More)
T helper 17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) lymphocytes might play important roles in patients with severe sepsis. The association of Th17 or Treg lymphocytes with survival is also unclear. Eighty-seven patients with severe sepsis were enrolled from our intensive care units between August 2008 and July 2010. Leukocyte antigens and clinical data were(More)
BACKGROUND Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum is a phytopathogenic enterobacterium responsible for soft rot, a disease characterized by extensive maceration of the affected plant tissue. This species also produces two or more antibacterial substances called bacteriocins, which enhance its competitiveness against related rival species. However,(More)