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The immunological adjuvant effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. The in vivo adjuvant effect of AgNPs was evaluated with model antigen ovalbumin (OVA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in mice by intraperitoneal and subcutaneous immunization. Serum antigen-specific IgG level significantly increased in AgNPs-treated(More)
Members of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) family play important roles in inflammation and host defense against pathogens. Here, we describe a novel member of the IL-1 family, interleukin-38 (IL-38, IL-1F10, or IL-1HY2), which was discovered in 2001. Although the functional role of IL-38 remains unclear, recent reports show that IL-38 binds to the IL-36 receptor(More)
In this study, we investigated the impact of neonatal amoxicillin treatment on the development of the murine intestinal Lactobacillus community. Suckling BALB/c mice received a daily intragastric gavage of amoxicillin or saline from postnatal day 7 (PND 7) to PND 20. Just after the treatment (PND 21) and 5 weeks later (PND 56), the colon digesta samples(More)
Human flora-associated (HFA) mice are frequently applied in studying the ecology and metabolism of human gut microbiota. However, the development and stability of the genus Bacteriodes, a prominent bacteria group of human gut microbiota, in HFA mice have not yet fully been examined. In this study, PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The seeds of Brucea javanica (L.) Merr. (Yadanzi in Chinese) have been used for the treatment of inflammation, dysentery, malaria, and cancer in Chinese traditional medicine. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Brucea javanica has not been fully elucidated. This study examined the anti-inflammatory activity of ethyl(More)
Cytochomosome P450 enzymes (CYP) are heme-containing monooxygenases responsible for oxidative metabolism of many exogenous and endogenous compounds including drugs. The species difference of CYP limits the extent to which data obtained from animals can be translated to humans in pharmacodynamics or pharmacokinetics studies. Transgenic expression of human(More)
In this paper, we investigate the multicast capacity for static network with heterogeneous clusters. We study the effect of heterogeneities on the achievable capacity from two aspects, including heterogeneous cluster traffic (HCT) and heterogeneous cluster size (HCS). HCT means cluster clients are more likely to appear near the cluster head, instead of(More)
Leaf area index (LAI) is a key parameter used to describe vegetation structures and is widely used in ecosystem biophysical process and vegetation productivity models. Many algorithms have been developed for the estimation of LAI based on remote sensing images. Our goal was to produce accurate and timely predictions of grassland LAI for the meadow steppes(More)
AIMS To validate whether the optimal magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) thresholds for ischemic penumbra and infarct core, between voxel and volume-based analysis, are varied greatly among Chinese acute ischemic stroke patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Acute ischemic stroke patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis within 6 h of onset that obtained acute(More)