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OBJECTIVE Abnormalities in vascular constriction and dilatation are associated with early diabetes and contribute to diabetic vascular complications. However, mechanisms underlying such vascular dysfunction remain to be fully elucidated. The current study tests the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in diabetic vascular smooth muscle dysfunction. METHODS(More)
Protein kinase C-potentiated phosphatase inhibitor of 17 kDa (CPI-17) mediates some agonist-induced smooth muscle contraction by suppressing the myosin phosphatase in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. The physiologically relevant kinases that phosphorylate CPI-17 remain to be identified. Several previous studies have shown that some agonist-induced CPI-17(More)
OBJECTIVE Contractile responses are significantly increased in vascular smooth muscle tissues isolated from type 2 diabetic db/db mice (hyperreactivity). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this hyperreactivity are largely unknown. The current study investigates the roles of RhoA, ROCK (rho kinase), PKC (protein kinase C), and CPI-17 (protein(More)
We report a simple, fast and selective colorimetric assay of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) using unmodified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as probes and metal ions as cross-linkers. ATP can be assembled onto the surface of AuNPs through interaction between the electron-rich nitrogen atoms and the electron-deficient surface of AuNPs. Accordingly, Cu2+ ions induce(More)
A glycine-mediated mixed-solvothermal approach has been proposed for the synthesis of novel Cu(2)O structures with different morphologies and the morphology effect on the antibacterial activity of the obtained Cu(2)O crystals has been studied, confirming that the obtained Cu(2)O crystals all show good antibacterial effects and that with the morphology of(More)
Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ) has been widely used in fields related to energy and materials science. However, nanostructured g-C3 N4 photocatalysts synthesized by traditional thermal polycondensation methods have the disadvantage of small specific surface areas and wide band gaps; these limit the catalytic activity and application range of g-C3 N4 .(More)
Numerous studies suggest that several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in bladder cancer development and progression. Long non-coding RNA urothelial cancer-associated 1 (lncRNA-UCA1) is highly expressed in bladder cancer tissues and cells, and it has been shown to play an important role in regulating aggressive phenotypes of bladder cancer(More)
Due to their unique electronic and optoelectronic properties, tin selenide nanostructures show great promise for applications in energy storage and photovoltaic devices. Despite the great progress that has been achieved, the phase-controlled synthesis of two-dimensional (2D) tin selenide nanostructures remains a challenge, and their use in supercapacitors(More)
Uniform NiS2 nanocubes are successfully synthesized with a microwave-assisted method. Interestingly, NiS2 nanocubes, nanospheres and nanoparticles are obtained by controlling microwave reaction time. NiS2 nanomaterials are primarily applied to supercapacitors and cocatalytic enhancing photocatalytic H2 production. Different morphologies of NiS2(More)
Whether group VIA phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)β) is involved in vascular inflammation and neointima formation is largely unknown. Here, we report that iPLA(2)β expression increases in the vascular tunica media upon carotid artery ligation and that neointima formation is suppressed by genetic deletion of iPLA(2)β or by inhibiting its activity or expression(More)