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PURPOSE We studied bladder dysfunction in children with significant primary nocturnal enuresis refractory to treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated 33 Chinese boys and 8 girls with a mean age of 10.4 years, who had significant monosymptomatic primary nocturnal enuresis (3 or more wet nights weekly) after desmopressin treatment with or without an(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diurnal and nocturnal bladder reservoir function in patients with refractory primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). PATIENTS AND METHODS Ninety-five children (68 boys, 27 girls, mean age 9.3 years) with significant PNE (>/=3 wet nights/week) that was refractory to treatment with desmopressin +/- an enuretic alarm were assessed using(More)
Vendor selection is an evaluation process that is based on many criteria that uses inaccurate or uncertain data. But while the criteria are often numerous and the relationships between higher-level criteria and lower-level sub-criteria are complex, most conventional decision models cannot help us clarify the interrelationships among the sub-criteria. Our(More)
To document the occurrence of sleep disturbance and bladder dysfunction in enuretic children, 25 children (21 boys, 4 girls, mean age 9.9 years) with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis were studied. All children had significant enuretic symptoms (> 4 wet nights per week) which persisted after treatment failure. The investigation protocol included cystometry(More)
– This paper derives a good approach to approximating the expected inventory level per unit time for the continuous review perishable inventory system. Three existing approximation approaches are examined and compared with the proposed approach. Three stockout cases, including the full backorder, the partial backorder, and the full lost sales cases, which(More)
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