Huan-Lian Chen

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An inflammatory response in the central nervous system mediated by activation of microglia is a key event in the early stages of the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Silymarin is a polyphenolic flavanoid derived from milk thistle that has anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective and anticarcinogenic effects. In this study, we first investigated the(More)
Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in red wine, peanuts, soy beans, and pomegranates, possesses a wide range of biological effects. Since resveratrol's properties seem ideal for treating neurodegenerative diseases, its ability to diminish amyloid plaques was tested. Mice were fed clinically feasible dosages of resveratrol for forty-five days. Neither(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in cell death in many neurodegenerative diseases. Diminished activity of the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), a key and arguably rate-limiting enzyme of the Krebs cycle, occurs in these disorders and may underlie decreased brain metabolism. The present studies used(More)
Nicotinamide (vitamin B(3)) reduces the infarct volume following focal cerebral ischemia in rats; however, its mechanism of action has not been reported. After cerebral ischemia and/or reperfusion, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species may be generated by inflammatory cells through several cellular pathways, which can lead to(More)
The neuroprotective effect of MK801 against hypoxia and/or reoxygenation-induced neuronal cell injury and its relationship to neuronal nitric oxide synthetase (nNOS) expression were examined in cultured rat cortical cells. Treatment of cortical neuronal cells with hypoxia (95% N(2)/5% CO(2)) for 2 h followed by reoxygenation for 24 h induced a release of(More)
Understanding the molecular sequence of events that culminate in multiple abnormalities in brains from patients that died with Alzheimer's disease (AD) will help to reveal the mechanisms of the disease and identify upstream events as therapeutic targets. The activity of the mitochondrial α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC) in homogenates from(More)
Abnormalities in calcium homeostasis and oxidative processes occur in fibroblasts from patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and in fibroblasts and neurons from transgenic mice bearing a presenilin-1 (PS-1) mutation. Bombesin-releasable endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores (BRCS) are exaggerated in all of these cells. Our previous studies show that H2O2(More)
Sesame antioxidants have been shown to inhibit lipid peroxidation and regulate cytokine production. In this study, we focused on the effect of sesamin and sesamolin, on nitric oxide (NO) induction by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the murine microglial cell line BV-2 and rat primary microglia. The results showed that sesamin and sesamolin significantly(More)
The activity of the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC) declines in brains of patients with several neurodegenerative diseases. KGDHC consists of multiple copies of E1k, E2k, and E3. E1k and E2k are unique to KGDHC and may have functions independent of the complex. The present study tested the consequences of different levels of diminished E2k(More)
Reversible post-translation modifications of proteins are common in all cells and appear to regulate many processes. Nevertheless, the enzyme(s) responsible for the alterations and the significance of the modification are largely unknown. Succinylation of proteins occurs and causes large changes in the structure of proteins; however, the source of the(More)