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Behavioral and brain development is influenced by both maternal and non-maternal aspects of the postnatal environment and the precise nature of their interaction is the topic of an ongoing debate. Here, we consider the joint influence of neonatal environmental novelty and maternal self-stress regulation on the development of acoustic startle reflex (ASR),(More)
Cerium (Ce), one of the lanthanides (Ln), displays a variety of biochemical and physiological effects. However, the potential effect and mechanism of Ce on bone metabolism are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the putative role of Ce in regulating the migration and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and the(More)
Excessive autophagy aggravates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown to possess a strong cardioprotective effect due to its anti-necrosis, anti-apoptosis, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Our previous study showed that H2S could also protect the myocardium against IR injury through its(More)
Root resorption is a common side effect of orthodontic treatment. In the current study, lithium chloride (LiCl), a Wnt signaling activator, was examined to determine its effect on root resorption. In total, 10 Sprague Dawley rats were randomly allocated into the experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). Each group consisted of five subjects. By using(More)
PURPOSE To quantitatively assess the histological and ultrastructural changes resulting from aging in the human testis. METHODS Age-related histological and ultrastructural changes were evaluated using light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and immunohistochemistry on 41 testicular samples obtained from elderly men and, respectively,(More)
Invasive plants have caused great economic losses and environmental problems worldwide. Eupatorium adenophorum is one of the most invasive weeds in China. To better understand its invasive mechanisms, in the present paper, the microbial communities of healthy and diseased leaves of E. adenophorum were obtained using both culture-independent and -dependent(More)
Chitosan stabilized silver nanoparticles (Ch-Ag NPs) were successfully synthesized by a one-step method and were found to possess intrinsic peroxidase-like activity, could catalytically oxidize substrates, such as TMB, and OPD, by H(2)O(2) to produce a typical colour reaction such as from colorless to blue for TMB and from colorless to red for OPD. Our(More)
Lipase from Burkholderia cepacia strain is one of the most versatile biocatalysts and is used widely in many biotechnological application fields including detergent additives, the resolution of racemic compounds, etc. Based on the known whole genomic information of B. cepacia strain, both ampicillin and kanamycin were added to the TB-T medium to screen B.(More)
The well-dispersed Co3O4 nanoparticles on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) surfaces were successfully prepared by in situ controlled nucleation of Co3O4 NPs on GO sheets and subsequent in situ reduction of GO by low temperature hydrothermal reaction in ethanol media. The as-prepared Co3O4/rGO nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy(More)
Chiral bicyclic guanidine can act as an efficient chiral Brønsted base catalyst in enantioselective reactions, delivering good yields with high enantioselectivities. There is interest in understanding the detailed mechanisms of these guanidine-catalyzed reactions. Herein, we performed a detailed kinetic study of three different types of chiral bicyclic(More)