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Behavioral and brain development is influenced by both maternal and non-maternal aspects of the postnatal environment and the precise nature of their interaction is the topic of an ongoing debate. Here, we consider the joint influence of neonatal environmental novelty and maternal self-stress regulation on the development of acoustic startle reflex (ASR),(More)
This paper examines the efficiency in crowd sourcing, especially crowd sourcing for the software bug detection. Crowd sourcing has recently emerged as a lucrative paradigm for leveraging the collective intelligence of crowds. However, it has inherent weakness that a simple reward setting causes an uneven distribution of workers on each task, which reduces(More)
The applications of silica-based nanomaterials in dental fields as multifunctional scaffolds and carriers have been widely documented in recent years. However, toxicity of this type of nanoparticles in dental cells has not been elucidated in detail. The aim of present study was to investigate the effects of naked and PEGylated silica nanoparticles on(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the short-term effect of fangchinoline, an antiinflammatory drug widely used in Asia, on root resorption that is associated with orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS Twenty-four Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups. Mesial forces of 0, 50, or 100 g were applied to the maxillary first molar of the rats in each group for 14(More)
Conventional metasurface holograms relying on metal antennas for phase manipulation suffer from strong Ohmic loss and incomplete polarization conversion. The efficiency is limited to rather small values when operating in transmission mode. Here, we implement a high-efficiency transmissive metasurface hologram by leveraging the recently developed Huygens'(More)
In this paper, we consider the discrete time-varying internal model-based control design for high precision tracking of complicated reference trajectories generated by time-varying systems. Based on a novel parallel time-varying internal model structure, asymptotic tracking conditions for the design of internal model units are developed, and a low order(More)