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The matching pursuit method of Mallat and Zhang is applied to the analysis and synthesis of phonocardiograms (PCG's). The method is based on a classical Gabor wavelet or time-frequency atom which is the product of a sinusoid and a Gaussian window function. It decomposes a signal into a series of time-frequency atoms by an iterative process based on(More)
Malignant melanoma is the deadliest form of all skin cancers. Approximately 32,000 new cases of malignant melanoma were diagnosed in 1991 in the United States, with approximately 80% of patients expected to survive five years [1]. Fortunately, if detected early, even malignant melanoma may be treated successfully. Thus, in recent years, there has been(More)
The time-frequency distribution of the Doppler ultrasound blood flow signal is normally computed by using the short-time Fourier transform or autoregressive modeling. These two techniques require stationarity of the signal during a finite interval. This requirement imposes some limitations on the distribution estimate. In the present study, three new(More)
Escherichia coli GDP-mannose mannosyl hydrolase (GDPMH), a homodimer, catalyzes the hydrolysis of GDP-alpha-D-sugars to yield the beta-D-sugar and GDP by nucleophilic substitution with inversion at the C1' carbon of the sugar [Legler, P. M., Massiah, M. A., Bessman, M. J., and Mildvan, A. S. (2000) Biochemistry 39, 8603-8608]. GDPMH requires a divalent(More)
A time-frequency scaling transformation based on the matching pursuit (MP) method is developed for the phonocardiogram (PCG). The MP method decomposes a signal into a series of time-frequency atoms by using an iterative process. The modification of the time scale of the PCG can be performed without perceptible change in its spectral characteristics. It is(More)
Spontaneous autoxidation of tetrameric Hbs leads to the formation of Fe (III) forms, whose physiological role is not fully understood. Here we report structural characterization by EPR of the oxidized states of tetrameric Hbs isolated from the Antarctic fish species Trematomus bernacchii, Trematomus newnesi, and Gymnodraco acuticeps, as well as the x-ray(More)
The importance of the Arctic, in contributing to the knowledge of the overall ensemble of adaptive processes influencing the evolution of marine organisms, calls for investigations on molecular adaptations in Arctic fish. Unlike the vast majority of Antarctic Notothenioidei, several Arctic species display high hemoglobin multiplicity. The blood of four(More)
A number of cell surface proteins have been shown to be anchored to the plasma membrane by a covalently attached glycoinositol phospholipid (GPL) in amide linkage to the C-terminus of the mature protein. We applied several criteria to establish that folate binding protein (FBP) in brush border membranes of rat kidney contains a GPL anchor. Brush border(More)
Oxidation of Hbs leads to the formation of different forms of Fe(III) that are relevant to a range of biochemical and physiological functions. Here we report a combined EPR/x-ray crystallography study performed at acidic pH on six ferric tetrameric Hbs. Five of the Hbs were isolated from the high-Antarctic notothenioid fishes Trematomus bernacchii,(More)
The normality (Gaussian property) and stationarity of the cardiac Doppler blood-flow signal were evaluated on short-time segments distributed over the cardiac cycle. The basic approaches used to perform statistical tests on the nonstationary and quasiperiodic cardiac Doppler signal are presented. The results obtained from the data of ten patients having a(More)