Learn More
BACKGROUND Although infliximab has high efficacy in treating TNFα-associated diseases, the epitope on TNFα remains unclear. RESULTS The crystal structure of the TNFα in complex with the infliximab Fab is reported at a resolution of 2.6 Å. CONCLUSION TNFα E-F loop plays a crucial role in the interaction. SIGNIFICANCE The structure may lead to(More)
PURPOSE CD11c is an antigen receptor predominantly expressed on dendritic cells (DC), to which antigen targeting has been shown to induce robust antigen-specific immune responses. To facilitate targeted delivery of tumor antigens to DCs, we generated fusion proteins consisting of the extracellular domain of human HER or its rat homologue neu, fused to the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS iASPP is an inhibitory member of the ankyrin-repeat-, SH3-domain- and proline-rich-region-containing protein (ASPP) family; iASPP expression is up-regulated in different human tumor types. We explored the molecular mechanism increased expression of iASPP and its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS iASPP expression levels in(More)
TNFα-targeting therapy with the use of the drugs Etanercept, Infliximab, and Adalimumab is used in the clinical treatment of various inflammatory and immune diseases. Although all of these reagents function to disrupt the interaction between TNFα and its receptors, clinical investigations showed the advantages of Adalimumab treatment compared with(More)
Despite widespread use of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (mAb), rituximab, in treating B-cell lymphomas, its efficacy remains variable and often modest. A better understanding of rituximab-mediated killing mechanisms is essential to develop more effective therapeutic agents. In this study, we modulated the binding property of rituximab by introducing(More)
PURPOSE To investigate Tip30 promoter methylation status in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the correlation with clinicopathologic features and prognosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The methylation status of CpG islands in Tip30 promoter was examined in 15 HCC cell lines as well as 59 paired HCC and adjacent nontumor tissues. The associations between(More)
Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are toxic N-glycosidases that depurinate the universally conserved α-sarcin loop of large rRNAs. They have received attention in biological and biomedical research because of their unique biological activities toward animals and human cells as cell-killing agents. A better understanding of the depurination mechanism of(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a cytokine with multiple functions, including the regulation of innate immune response. However, the detailed function and mechanism of OPN in host defense against invaded microorganisms remain unclear. In this report, we revealed that OPN could affect the clearance of Propionibacterium acnes in kupffer cells. In a murine model of P.(More)
IL-2 signaling plays a central role in the initiation and activation of immune responses. Correspondingly, blockage of this pathway leads to inhibition of the immune system and would provide some therapeutic benefits. Basiliximab (Simulect), a therapeutic mAb drug with specificity against IL-2R alpha of T cells, was approved by U.S. Food and Drug(More)
Human epidermal growth factor receptors (HERs or ErbBs) play crucial roles in numerous cellular processes. ErbB2 is a key member of ErbB family, and its overexpression is recognized as a frequent molecular abnormality. In cancer, this overexpression correlates with aggressive disease and poor patient outcomes. Dimer-dependent phosphorylation is a key event(More)