Huaitian Liu

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BACKGROUND Tobacco smoking is responsible for over 90% of lung cancer cases, and yet the precise molecular alterations induced by smoking in lung that develop into cancer and impact survival have remained obscure. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We performed gene expression analysis using HG-U133A Affymetrix chips on 135 fresh frozen tissue samples of(More)
The small molecular inhibitor MK886 is known to block 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein ALOX5AP and shows antitumor activity in multiple human cell lines. The broad antitumor therapeutic window reported in vivo for MK886 in rodents supports further consideration of this structural class. Better understanding of the mode of action of the drug is important(More)
The PPAR-gamma ligands, 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) and ciglitazone, and the PPAR-alpha ligand, WY-14643, were examined for their effects on proliferation and apoptosis of A375 melanoma, DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer, and MB-MDA-231 breast cancer. While 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) inhibited proliferation of A375 melanoma,(More)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among US women; there is therefore great interest in developing preventive and treatment strategies for this disease. Because breast cancer incidence is much lower in countries where women consume high levels of soy, bioactive compounds in this food source have been studied for their effects on breast(More)
The transcription factor C/EBP alpha regulates early steps of normal granulocyte differentiation since mice with a disruption of the C/EBP alpha gene do not express detectable levels of the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor and produce no neutrophils. We have recently shown that C/EBP alpha function is also impaired in acute myeloid leukemias.(More)
The imbalance in systemic mediators of inflammation, such as leptin, is thought to be involved in obesity-associated cancers. In addition, systemic endocrine signals can influence the local autocrine/paracrine factors produced within this microenvironment to influence epithelial cell fate. We previously demonstrated that leptin preferentially promotes the(More)
The CEBPA gene is mutated in 10% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases. We find that CEBPA and Bcl-2 RNA levels correlate highly in low-risk human AMLs, suggesting that inhibition of apoptosis via induction of bcl-2 by CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) or its mutant variants contributes to transformation. C/EBPalphap30, lacking a(More)
Monocytic differentiation of 32DPKCdelta cells in response to activation of protein kinase C delta (PKCdelta) by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) was inhibited by exogenous CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha-estradiol receptor (C/EBPalpha-ER), which impeded morphologic maturation and induction of macrosialin mRNA. Inhibition of monopoiesis was also(More)
Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1) has been reported to be overexpressed in lung cancer and in other cancers such as breast, pancreas, and liver. However, a mechanism linking hnRNP A2/B1 overexpression and progression to cancer has not yet been definitively established. To elucidate this mechanism, we have silenced hnRNPA2/B1 mRNA(More)
CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha)-ER induces 32Dcl3 neutrophilic differentiation and inhibits 32DPKCdelta maturation to macrophages in response to phorbol ester. In 32Dcl3 cells, C/EBPalpha-ER rapidly induces the PU.1 and C/EBPalpha RNAs even in the presence of cycloheximide, suggesting that these are direct C/EBPalpha genetic targets.(More)