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We have examined polyol pathway kinetics in the lenses of rats made diabetic with streptozotocin. At up to 11 days after diabetes induction, the lenses were isolated and subjected to 'pulse-chase' studies: the lenses were incubated with [13C]glucose and lens metabolism followed by [13C]nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Proton NMR spectroscopy(More)
A possible contribution to cell toxicity in the diabetic lens due to early ATP loss is not well characterized prior to the appearance of vacuoles in the lens. Changes in lens ATP levels at longer periods of hyperglycaemia (6-8 weeks) have been reported. We used [31P]NMR analysis of lens extracts at three time periods, comparing diabetic to concurrent(More)
Exposure of the skin of the back of skh-1 hairless mice to UVB (310 nm peak) irradiation at doses of 0.115-0.23 J/cm2 results after 24-48 h in an erythema which can be quantified using an erythema meter, providing a useful model of sunburn. Application of pure d-alpha-tocopherol acetate, a thick oil, to the skin immediately following the exposure to UVB(More)
BACKGROUND A subset of interleukin (IL)-10-producing regulatory B (Breg) cells that suppress T-cell-mediated immunity was recently identified; however, their role in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains elusive. AIM To explore the possible role of Breg in the interaction with Th cells and consequent pathogenesis of CHB. METHODS The prevalence of Breg as(More)
We have investigated alterations of the metabolic state in vitamin A-deficient (A-) corneas using phosphorus-31 (31P) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Comparing to the control, A- corneas showed a prominent rise of phosphocreatine (PCr) as well as a total loss of glycerophosphorylcholine (GPC). Further, ATP levels were lower, and sugar(More)
Experimental diabetic and galactosemic animal models are widely used to study diabetes-induced complications. Galactose feeding can rapidly produce cataract, retinopathy and nephropathy; it is therefore favored over the diabetic model. Although the common feature for both models is the activation of aldose reductase, there are substantial differences(More)
Sorbitol-3-phosphate (S3P) and fructose-3-phosphate (F3P) are novel phosphorus compounds recently discovered and identified in the crystalline lens as well as other tissues. These phosphates increased with diabetes progression in streptozotocin-diabetic rat lenses. Treatment of these rats with an orally administered aldose reductase inhibitor eliminated S3P(More)
To investigate metabolic differences between the central and peripheral cornea the latter including the limbal area, corneas were dissected and examined using phosphorus-31 (31P) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Since most 31P signals originate from the epithelium, 31P spectra of the cornea primarily represent the metabolic state of the epithelium.(More)
Glucose and phosphorus metabolism in mature (8-month-old) rat lenses were examined with NMR spectroscopy. Nondiabetic mature lenses contained sorbitol-3-phosphate (S3P) and fructose-3-phosphate (F3P) which were absent from young (1- to 2-month-old) normal rat lenses. The concentrations of these two phosphates can be changed through (1) diabetes induction(More)