Learn More
The excessive activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)/nitric oxide (NO) pathway has been proposed to be involved in the neuropathology of various neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, NO was found to mediate glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in primary cultured neurons. Compared with the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor,(More)
A glucose biosensor was constructed by electrochemical adsorption of glucose oxidase (GOD) in microporous polyacrylonitrile (PAN), which was synthesized by single rare-earth catalyst-Y(OAr)(3.) The biosensor shows a fast response, good operational stability and reproducibility. The influences of molecular weight of polymer, pH, operating potential and(More)
A new type of in situ electropolymerization method was used for electrochemical biosensor design. The biologic film was prepared by in situ electropolymerization of aniline into microporous polyacrylonitrile-coated platinum electrode in the presence of glucose oxidase. The novel glucose biosensor exhibited good selectivity, sensitivity and stability, which(More)
A novel one-step approach to glassy carbon nanoelectrode ensembles (NEEs) with the pores of 20-120nm in radii has been developed using an amphiphilic block copolymer [polystyrene-block-poly (acrylic acid)] self-assembly. This procedure is simple and fast, and requires only conventional, inexpensive electrochemical instrumentation. Electrochemical methods(More)
We reported on the utilization of a novel attractive nanoscaled calcium carbonate (nano-CaCO(3))-polyphenol oxidase (PPO) biocomposite to create a highly responsive phenol biosensor. The phenol sensor could be easily achieved by casting the biocomposite on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) via the cross-linking step by glutaraldehyde. The special(More)
A novel strategy to fabricate an amperometric biosensor for phenol determination based on chitosan/laponite nanocomposite matrix was described. The composite film was used to immobilize PPO on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode. Chitosan was utilized to improve the analytical performance of the pure clay-modified bioelectrode. The biosensor exhibited(More)
A novel biosensor for phenols was constructed by immobilizing polyphenol oxidase (PPO) into polyaniline-polyacrylonitrile composite matrix. The sensing film was prepared by electropolymerization of aniline into polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-coated platinum electrode in the presence of PPO. The scanning electron micrographs (SEM) showed that PAN had microporous(More)
A novel sensitive and stable phenols amperometric biosensor, based on polyaniline-polyacrylonitrile composite matrix, was applied for determination of benzoic acid. The electrochemical biosensor functioning was based on the inhibition effect of benzoic acid on the biocatalytic activity of the polyphenol oxidase (PPO) to its substrate (catechol) in 0.1M(More)
A highly stable biological film was formed on the functional glassy carbon electrode (GCE) via step-by-step self-assembly of chitosan (CHT), laponite, and hemoglobin (Hb). Cyclic voltammetry (CV) of the Hb/laponite/CHT/GCE showed a pair of stable and quasi-reversible peaks for the Hb-Fe(III)/Fe(II) redox couple at about -0.035 V versus a saturated calomel(More)
A new type of amperometric phenol biosensor based on chitosan/layered double hydroxides organic-inorganic composite film was described. This hybrid material combined the advantages of organic biopolymer, chitosan, and inorganic layered double hydroxides. Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) immobilized in the material maintained its activity well as the usage of(More)