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RATIONALE In the working heart, coronary blood flow is linked to the production of metabolites, which modulate tone of smooth muscle in a redox-dependent manner. Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv), which play a role in controlling membrane potential in vascular smooth muscle, have certain members that are redox-sensitive. OBJECTIVE To determine the(More)
We have previously shown that seizures induce the formation of F(2)-isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoPs), one of the most reliable indices of oxidative stress in vivo. Isofurans (IsoFs) are novel products of lipid peroxidation whose formation is favored by high oxygen tensions. In contrast, high oxygen tensions suppress the formation of F(2)-IsoPs. The present study(More)
UNLABELLED The adequacy of cerebral tissue oxygenation (PtO(2)) is a central therapeutic end point in critically ill and anesthetized patients. Clinically, PtO(2) is currently measured indirectly, based on measurements of cerebrovascular oxygenation using near infrared spectroscopy and experimentally, using positron emission tomographic scanning. Recent(More)
Chk1 inhibitors have emerged as promising anticancer therapeutic agents particularly when combined with antimetabolites such as gemcitabine, cytarabine or hydroxyurea. Here, we address the importance of appropriate drug scheduling when gemcitabine is combined with the Chk1 inhibitor MK-8776, and the mechanisms involved in the schedule dependence. Growth(More)
Tumor hypoxia plays a vital role in therapeutic resistance. Consequently, measurements of tumor pO(2) could be used to optimize the outcome of oxygen-dependent therapies, such as, chemoradiation. However, the potential optimizations are restricted by the lack of methods to repeatedly and quantitatively assess tumor pO(2) during therapies, particularly in(More)
T he primary event in the ischemic stroke is a rapid decline in the oxygen levels after the loss of blood flow in specific areas of the brain. Subsequent pathological processes results in a central core area of severely ischemic tissue surrounded by a region of moderate ischemic tissue (penumbra) with a preserved cellular metabolism. The outcome of an(More)
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