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RATIONALE In the working heart, coronary blood flow is linked to the production of metabolites, which modulate tone of smooth muscle in a redox-dependent manner. Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv), which play a role in controlling membrane potential in vascular smooth muscle, have certain members that are redox-sensitive. OBJECTIVE To determine the(More)
Factors regulating cerebral tissue PO2 (PtO2) are complex. With the increased use of clinical PtO2 monitors, it has become important to elucidate these mechanisms. The authors are investigating a new methodology (electron paramagnetic resonance oximetry) for use in monitoring cerebral PtO2 in awake animals over time courses of weeks. The authors used this(More)
Ketamine-xylazine is a commonly used anesthetic for laboratory rats. Previous results showed that rats anesthetized with ketamine-xylazine can have a much lower cerebral partial pressure of oxygen (P(t)O(2)), compared to unanesthetized and isoflurane anesthetized rats. The underlying mechanisms for the P(t)O(2) reduction need to be elucidated. In this(More)
Tissue oxygen plays a crucial role in maintaining tissue viability and in various diseases, including responses to therapy. Useful knowledge has been gained by methods that can give limited snapshots of tissue oxygen (e.g., oxygen electrodes) or evidence of a history of tissue hypoxia (e.g., EF5) or even indirect evidence by monitoring oxygen availability(More)
PURPOSE To determine quantitatively the changes in oxygenation of intracranial tumors induced by efaproxiral, an allosteric hemoglobin modifier. Efaproxiral reduces hemoglobin-oxygen binding affinity, which facilitates oxygen release from hemoglobin into surrounding tissues and potentially increases the pO(2) of the tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS The study(More)
We have previously shown that seizures induce the formation of F(2)-isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoPs), one of the most reliable indices of oxidative stress in vivo. Isofurans (IsoFs) are novel products of lipid peroxidation whose formation is favored by high oxygen tensions. In contrast, high oxygen tensions suppress the formation of F(2)-IsoPs. The present study(More)
The development and use of in vivo techniques for strictly experimental applications in animals has been very successful, and these results now have made possible some very attractive potential clinical applications. The area with the most obvious immediate, effective and widespread clinical use is oximetry, where EPR almost uniquely can make repeated and(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry is a powerful technology that allows the monitoring of oxygenation in tissues. The measurement of tissue oxygenation can be achieved using lithium phthalocyanine (LiPc) crystals as oxygen reporters. In order to have biocompatibility for the sensing system and to assure long-term stability in the responsiveness(More)
UNLABELLED The adequacy of cerebral tissue oxygenation (PtO(2)) is a central therapeutic end point in critically ill and anesthetized patients. Clinically, PtO(2) is currently measured indirectly, based on measurements of cerebrovascular oxygenation using near infrared spectroscopy and experimentally, using positron emission tomographic scanning. Recent(More)
EPR oximetry, which enables reliable, accurate, and repeated measurements of the partial pressure of oxygen in tissues, provides a unique opportunity to investigate the role of oxygen in the pathogenesis and treatment of several diseases including cancer, stroke, and heart failure. Building on significant advances in the in vivo application of EPR oximetry(More)