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BACKGROUND The process of brain death can induce acute lung injury in donors and aggravate ischemia-reperfusion injury in grafts. Carbon monoxide (CO) and biliverdin (BV) have been shown to attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury. We therefore examined if the administration of both CO and BV provide enhanced cytoprotection against lung graft injury from(More)
In this paper, we investigate the existence of solutions for multi-point boundary value problems at resonance concerning fractional differential equation on a half-line. Our analysis relies on the coincidence degree of Mawhin. As an application, an example is presented to illustrate the main results.
BACKGROUND The process of brain death induces acute lung injury in donors and aggravates ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in grafts. Hydrogen, a new anti-oxidant, attenuates IRI in several organ transplant models. We examined whether 2% inhaled hydrogen would show favorable effects on lung grafts from brain-dead donor rats. METHODS Brain-dead donor rats(More)
Brain death (BD) induces acute lung injury and makes donor lungs unfit for transplantation. Carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation at 50-500 ppm exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis effects in several lung injury models. We examined whether CO inhalation would show favorable effects on lung injury in BD rats. BD rats inhaled 250 ppm CO for two hours.(More)
Hydrogen has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on lung ischemia-reperfusion injury when it is inhaled by donor or/and recipient. This study examined the effects of lung inflation with 3% hydrogen during the cold ischemia phase on lung graft function in rats. The donor lung was inflated with 3% hydrogen, 40% oxygen, and 57% nitrogen at 5 mL/kg, and(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) attenuates lung ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) via inhalation, and as an additive dissolved in flush/preservation solution. This study observed the effects of lung inflation with CO on lung graft function in the setting of cold ischemia. Donor lungs were inflated with 40% oxygen + 60% nitrogen (control group) or with 500 ppm CO + 40%(More)
AIMS Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) may be attenuated through carbon monoxide (CO)'s anti-inflammatory effect or hydrogen (H2)'s anti-oxidant effect. In this study, the effects of lung inflation with CO, H2, or both during the cold ischemia phase on graft function were observed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rat donor lungs, inflated with 40% oxygen(More)
OBJECTIVE Myoclonus, a common complication during intravenous induction with etomidate, is bothersome to both anesthesiologists and patients. This study explored the preventive effect of pretreatment with propofol on etomidate-related myoclonus. METHODS This was a prospective, double-blind, clinical, randomized controlled study. Totally, 363 patients who(More)
BACKGROUND We have proved that hypercapnic acidosis (a PaCO2 of 80-100 mmHg) protects against ventilator-induced lung injury in rats. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the appropriate target PaCO2 or if greater CO2 "doses" (PaCO2 > 100 mmHg) demonstrate this effect. We wished to determine whether severe acute hypercapnic acidosis can reduce(More)
BACKGROUND Halothane and desflurane have been shown to attenuate neuronal injury; however, the effects of these anesthetics on mitochondria are unclear. We investigated whether halothane and desflurane affect the function of mitochondria after cerebral ischemia in rats. METHODS Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10 each):(More)