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Lactoferrin (LF) concentrations in the milk with different levels of the somatic cell count score were examined using an ELISA to determine whether milk LF concentration is influenced by parity of the cow, stage of lactation, and the somatic cell count. The study animals were 198 Chinese Holstein cows randomly chosen from more than 1,600 cows in 4 dairy(More)
A human creatine transporter (hCRT-BS2M) cDNA clone was isolated from a human brainstem/spinal cord using a PCR and phage plaque hybridization based technique. This clone included an open reading frame of 1,905 base pairs(bp) within a 2,283bp cDNA. Northern blot hybridization detected the expression of corresponding mRNAs most prominently in the skeletal(More)
Oxygen free radicals have been hypothesized to play an important role in the aging process. To investigate the correlation between the oxidative stress and aging, we have determined the levels of oxidative protein damage and lipid peroxidation in the brain and liver, and activities of antioxidant enzymes in the brain, liver, heart, kidney, and serum from(More)
To study the number cognition process, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) in 14 subjects when they were indicating whether a number pair was the same or not. The two numbers given in sequence were either the same (condition 1) or different (condition 2). After 270 ms following the onset of the second stimulus in condition 2, a negative component(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated as being involved in tumor promotion processes. However, the mechanism by which ROS modulate tumor promotion has not as yet been elucidated. In this report, we show that phorbol ester-type tumor promoters (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate [TPA], mezerein and 12-O-retinoylphorbol-13-acetate [RPA]), which(More)
Most cases of breast cancer (BrCa) mortality are due to vascular metastasis. BrCa cells must intravasate through endothelial cells (ECs) to enter a blood vessel in the primary tumor and then adhere to ECs and extravasate at the metastatic site. In this study we demonstrate that inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) activity in BrCa cells by RNA(More)
The toxicity of thapsigargin, a selective inhibitor of endoplasmic reticular Ca2+-ATPase, was investigated in GT1-7 cells, a murine hypothalamic cell line. Treatment of these cells with 50 or 100 nM thapsigargin greatly reduced cell viability at 24 and 48 h. These doses of thapsigargin induced a rapid rise in free cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i), followed by a(More)
Hepatopoietin (HPO) is a novel polypeptide mitogen specific for hepatocytes and hepatoma cell lines, which is derived from liver and supports its regeneration. To determine whether HPO acts via a receptor-based signal transduction, recombinant human hepatopoietin was labeled by iodination and used to characterize its binding activity by specific(More)
Genistein is a soybean isoflavone with diverse biological activities. It is a potent antioxidant, a specific inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase, and a phytoestrogen. In recent years, increasing evidence has accumulated that this natural ingredient shows preventative and therapeutic effects for breast and prostate cancers, postmenopausal syndrome,(More)
Aqueous extracts of green and black teas have been shown to inhibit a variety of experimentally induced animal tumors, particularly ultraviolet (UV) B light-induced skin carcinogenesis. In the present study, we compared the effects of different extractable fractions of green and black teas on scavenging hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and UV irradiation-induced(More)