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Metal-only ECO realizes the last-minute design changes by revising the photomasks of metal layers only. This task is challenging because the pre-injected spare cells are limited both in number and in cell types. This paper proposes a matching-based ECO synthesizer, named ECOS, that correctly implements the incremental design changes using the available(More)
Due to excessive current densities, electromigration may trigger a permanent open- or short-circuit failure in signal wires or power networks in analog or mixed-signal circuits. As the feature size keeps shrinking, this effect becomes a key reliability concern. Hence, in this paper, we focus on wiring topology generation for avoiding electromigration at the(More)
Metal-only ECO is prevalent at design houses to perform incremental design changes to resolve last found functional and/or timing failures. However, it is hard to perform mixed functional and timing changes manually. Prior endeavors focus on functional or timing ECO alone, but we observe that separating them may fail to fix all timing violations.(More)
Due to the rapidly increasing design complexity in modern IC design, more and more timing failures are detected at late stages. Without deferring time-to-market, metal-only ECO is an economical technique to correct these late-found failures. Typically, a design undergoes many ECO runs in design houses; the usage of spare cells is of significant importance.(More)
Due to the rapidly increasing design complexity in modern IC designs, metal-only engineering change order (ECO) becomes inevitable to achieve design closure with a low respin cost. Traditionally, preplaced redundant standard cells are regarded as spare cells. However, these cells are limited by predefined functionalities and locations, and they always(More)
—To ease the time-to-market pressure and save the photomask cost, metal-only ECO realizes the last-minute design changes by revising the photomasks of metal layers only. This task is challenging because the pre-injected spare cells are limited in number and in cell types. Metal-only ECO has to implement these functional and/or timing changes using available(More)
Fast changing power distribution systems request a dynamic system configuration capability of reacting to volatile consumption demands in an economical way. Load balancing in power distribution systems is an essential technique for smart grid that enables reliable electricity delivery to end customers. This paper is the first work focusing on load balancing(More)