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The budding yeast histone H3 variant, Cse4, replaces conventional histone H3 in centromeric chromatin and, together with centromere-specific DNA-binding factors, directs assembly of the kinetochore, a multiprotein complex mediating chromosome segregation. We have identified Scm3, a nonhistone protein that colocalizes with Cse4 and is required for its(More)
Lysine methylation of histones is recognized as an important component of an epigenetic indexing system demarcating transcriptionally active and inactive chromatin domains. Trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me3) marks transcription start sites of virtually all active genes. Recently, we reported that the WD40-repeat protein WDR5 is important for(More)
Progressive-edge-growth (PEG) algorithm is known to construct low-density parity-check codes at finite block lengths with very good performance. In this letter, we propose a very simple modification to PEG construction for irregular codes, which considerably improves the performance at high signal-to-noise (SNR) ratios with no sacrifice in low-SNR(More)
The centromere is a unique chromosomal locus that ensures accurate segregation of chromosomes during cell division by directing the assembly of a multiprotein complex, the kinetochore. The centromere is marked by a conserved variant of conventional histone H3 termed CenH3 or CENP-A (ref. 2). A conserved motif of CenH3, the CATD, defined by loop 1 and helix(More)
Drosophila NURF is an ISWI-containing ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex that regulates transcription by catalyzing nucleosome sliding. To determine in vivo gene targets of NURF, we performed whole genome expression analysis on mutants lacking the NURF-specific subunit NURF301. Strikingly, a large set of ecdysone-responsive targets is included among(More)
We have characterized the biological functions of the chromatin remodeling protein Bptf (Bromodomain PHD-finger Transcription Factor), the largest subunit of NURF (Nucleosome Remodeling Factor) in a mammal. Bptf mutants manifest growth defects at the post-implantation stage and are reabsorbed by E8.5. Histological analyses of lineage markers show that(More)
The nucleosome remodeling factor NURF is a four-subunit, ISWI-containing chromatin remodeling complex that catalyzes nucleosome sliding in an ATP-dependent fashion, thereby modulating the accessibility of the DNA. To elucidate the mechanism of nucleosome sliding, we have investigated by hydroxyl radical footprinting how NURF makes initial contact with a(More)
The molecular architecture of centromere-specific nucleosomes containing histone variant CenH3 is controversial. We have biochemically reconstituted two distinct populations of nucleosomes containing Saccharomyces cerevisiae CenH3 (Cse4). Reconstitution of octameric nucleosomes containing histones Cse4/H4/H2A/H2B is robust on noncentromere DNA, but(More)
Drosophila NURF is an ISWI-containing chromatin remodeling complex that catalyzes ATP-dependent nucleosome sliding. By sliding nucleosomes, NURF can alter chromatin structure and regulate transcription. NURF301/BPTF is the only NURF-specific subunit of NURF and is instrumental in recruiting the complex to target genes. Here we demonstrate that three NURF301(More)
Eukaryotes use adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent chromatin-remodeling complexes to regulate gene expression. Here, we show that inositol polyphosphates can modulate the activities of several chromatin-remodeling complexes in vitro. Inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) inhibits nucleosome mobilization by NURF, ISW2, and INO80 complexes. In contrast,(More)