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The effects of Li(+) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) on the genetic transformation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were investigated by using fluorescence microscopy (FM) to visualize the binding of plasmid DNA labeled with YOYO-1 to the surface of yeast cells, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to image the change in surface(More)
The safety of tooth bleaching, which is based upon hydrogen peroxide (HP) as the active agent, has been questioned. Our aim was to investigate the effects of 30% HP on human tooth enamel. The specimens were divided randomly into three groups and treated with distilled water, HCl, and HP, respectively. Raman scattering and laser-induced fluorescence of(More)
The acidic amino acid, such as aspartic acid (l-Asp), and glutamic acid are the primary active molecules of the glycoprotein on the organic/inorganic interface of biomineralized tissue. In this study, aspartic acid was used as the organic template in inducing the nucleation and growth of calcium carbonate. With the analysis of X-ray diffraction we(More)
PURPOSE This randomized, controlled trial was designed to determine whether the DNA cytometry testing is superior to the conventional cytologic testing for mass cervical cancer screening. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN After approval by the institutional ethics review boards from three separate screening centers, a total of 23,993 Chinese women ages 20 to 65 years(More)
Improvement of light extraction efficiency of InGaN LEDs using colloidal-based SiO2 /polystyrene (PS) microlens arrays was demonstrated. The size effect of the SiO2 microspheres and the thickness effect of the PS layer on the light extraction efficiency of III-nitride LEDs were studied. The monolayer rapid convective deposition conditions forSiO2(More)
A novel in situ analytic approach was constructed by means of ion sputtering, decalcification and deprotein techniques combining with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) ultrastructural analysis. The method was employed to determine the spatial distribution of the organic framework outside and the inner crystal and(More)
Chitosan-multiwalled carbon nanotubes/hydroxyapatite nanocomposites were synthesized by a novel in situ precipitation method. The electrostatic adsorption between multiwalled carbon nanotubes and chitosan was investigated and explained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis. Morphology studies showed that uniform distribution of hydroxyapatite(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the meridian system being an important concept in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), modern biology and Western medical systems have failed to find an anatomic substrate. Since the 1960s, a variety of phenomena along meridians have been reported, among which quite a few suggest that along meridians there is a fluid pathway (but not blood(More)
The structure and composition of the yolk spherocrystal, a biomineral developed in the egg yolk sac during the incubation of a chicken embryo, were investigated through various modern analytical methods. Additionally, inside the yolk sac, yolk liquid crystal, a liquid crystalline phase of lipid developed during the incubation of the embryo, was found and(More)
Homogeneous nanocomposites composed of hydroxyapatite and chitosan in the presence of polylactic acid were synthesized by a novel in situ precipitation method. The morphological and compositional properties of composites were investigated. Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles in a special rod-like shape with a diameter of about 50nm and a length of about 300nm were(More)