Hua Tian Gan

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Delayed gastrointestinal transit is common in patients with severe burn. Ghrelin is a potent prokinetic peptide. We aimed at testing the effect of ghrelin on burn-induced delayed gastrointestinal transit in rats. Gastric emptying (GE), intestinal transit (IT), and colonic transit (CT) studies were performed in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were randomized(More)
A numerical method is presented to compute electromagnetic fields inside a 2 mm high resolution, anatomically detailed model of a human head for high-frequency magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. The method uses the biconjugate gradient algorithm in combination with the fast Fourier transform to solve a matrix equation resulting from the(More)
OBJECTIVES It is difficult to differentiate intestinal tuberculosis from Crohn's disease because of similar clinical, pathological, radiological, and endoscopic findings. The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay in the differentiation intestinal tuberculosis from Crohn's disease, and compare the(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Mucosal biopsy specimens from 54 active UC cases and adjacent normal tissues from 18 colon cancer cases were investigated. Twenty-eight Balb/c mice were randomly divided into four groups. Dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)(More)
Microglial cells play an important role in mediating neuroinflammation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) by production of a series of proinflammatory mediators and clearance of Aβ peptides and senile plaques. Tetrandrine, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herb Radix Stephania tetrandra, has been demonstrated to decrease the expression of(More)
Activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB has been shown to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC), and tetrandrine, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herb Radix Stephania tetrandra, has been demonstrated to be a potent inhibitor of NF-κB activation. The purpose of the study was to investigate effects of(More)
Although enteric glial cells (EGCs) have been demonstrated to play a key role in maintaining intestinal epithelial barrier integrity, it is not known how EGCs regulate this integrity. We therefore hypothesized that glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) produced by EGCs might be involved in this regulation. Here we investigated the role of GDNF in(More)
Necroptosis, an alternative mode of programmed cell death, has crucial pathophysiological roles in many diseases, but its effect on chronic kidney disease (CKD) is poorly understood. Therefore, we assessed necroptosis and its pathophysiological effects in a widely used remnant-kidney rat model. We found that necroptotic cell death and the highest level of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Although a series of studies have shown that curcumin can exert anti-inflammatory effects in colitis by inhibiting NF-κB activation, whether these anti-inflammatory effects of curcumin are also attributed to its ability to inhibiting STAT3 pathway has never been tested in experimental colitis to date. The purpose of the study was to(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major cause of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mortality. Innate immunity has been shown to be closely associated with the occurrence and progression of T2DM-associated complications. In this study, we investigated the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and CD14+CD16+ monocytes in patients with T2DM and DN patients with(More)