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A numerical method is presented to compute electromagnetic fields inside a 2 mm high resolution, anatomically detailed model of a human head for high-frequency magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. The method uses the biconjugate gradient algorithm in combination with the fast Fourier transform to solve a matrix equation resulting from the(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropeptide Y (NPY) from enteric neurons has been shown to play an important role in immune and inflammatory responses. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of NPY antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) on an experimental model of ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS NPY antisense ODNs were administered in experimental(More)
OBJECTIVES It is difficult to differentiate intestinal tuberculosis from Crohn's disease because of similar clinical, pathological, radiological, and endoscopic findings. The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay in the differentiation intestinal tuberculosis from Crohn's disease, and compare the(More)
Although enteric glial cells (EGCs) have been demonstrated to play a key role in maintaining intestinal epithelial barrier integrity, it is not known how EGCs regulate this integrity. We therefore hypothesized that glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) produced by EGCs might be involved in this regulation. Here we investigated the role of GDNF in(More)
Tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) is caused by the progressive loss of renal tubular cells and the consequent replacement of the extracellular matrix. The progressive depletion of renal tubular cells results from apoptosis and necroptosis; however, the relative significance of each of these cell death mechanisms at different stages during the progression of(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in monocytes of diabetic nephropathy (DN) patients and the response of TLR4 to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and, further, to explore the potential effects of inflammatory immune response in DN. METHODS Thirty DN patients with uremia, ten early-type 2 DN patients, and twenty healthy(More)
Microglial cells play an important role in mediating neuroinflammation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) by production of a series of proinflammatory mediators and clearance of Aβ peptides and senile plaques. Tetrandrine, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herb Radix Stephania tetrandra, has been demonstrated to decrease the expression of(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB), which controls transcription of various proinflammatory cytokine genes, has been shown to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to investigate if NF-kappaB p65 antisense oligonucleotides may affect the expression of NF-kappaB p65 and(More)
  • Li Lin, Hua Gan, +7 authors Yanlin Zhu
  • 2014
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non‑coding single‑stranded RNAs that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. Since the identification of miRNA, accumulating research has shown their involvement in numerous biological processes, including timing of developmental patterning, embryogenesis, cell differentiation, organogenesis, growth(More)
Burn injury has been shown to impair gut transit, but the exact mechanism remains unknown. The present study investigated whether nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX) mediated changes in burn-induced colonic transit. After rats underwent 30% total body surface area burn injury, they were injected with S-methylisothiourea (SMT, selective(More)