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MOTIVATION It becomes widely accepted that human cancer is a disease involving dynamic changes in the genome and that the missense mutations constitute the bulk of human genetic variations. A multitude of computational algorithms, especially the machine learning-based ones, has consequently been proposed to distinguish missense changes that contribute to(More)
Future treatments for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are likely to include agents that target viral components directly. Here, the preclinical characteristics of ITMN-191, a peptidomimetic inhibitor of the NS3/4A protease of HCV, are described. ITMN-191 inhibited a reference genotype 1 NS3/4A protein in a time-dependent fashion, a hallmark of an(More)
Recent studies indicate that bipolar disorder is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that the mood stabilizer lithium inhibits oxidative stress. The α,β-unsaturated aldehyde 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), a major product of lipid peroxidation, is able to exert cytotoxicity and disturb(More)
It is well known that the cholinergic system plays a crucial role in learning and memory. Psychopharmacological studies in humans and animals have shown that a systemic cholinergic blockade may induce deficits in learning and memory. Accumulated studies have indicated that learning and memory play an important role in drug addition. In the present study, in(More)
A role for type II interferon (IFN-gamma) in resolving viral infection is suggested by the correlation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance with enhancement of IFN-gamma-producing activated T cells in the resolution of acute HCV infection. Using vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), a synergistic direct antiviral effect was documented using IFN-gamma1b and a(More)
Rotaviruses, noroviruses and astroviruses are the major viral pathogens leading to diarrhea worldwide. Epidemiological investigations of outbreaks associated with these viruses have been impeded by the lack of methods for quick diagnosis and detection. In the current study, a multiplex real-time nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (RT-NASBA) system(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish a one-step four multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method based on Homo-Tag Assisted Non-Dimer System (HAND) system for simultaneous detection of 4 diarrhea viruses of rotavirus, astrovirus, norovirus and sapovirus. METHODS Primers were designed according to the conserved genome sequence of the 4(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of astragalosides (AST) and Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) compatibility on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metal11oproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice, to probe into its anti-ischemic brain injury protection mechanism. METHOD(More)
Learning and memory play an important role in morphine addiction. Status epilepticus (SE) can impair the spatial and emotional learning and memory. However, little is known about the effects of SE on morphine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP). The present study was designed to investigate the effects of SE on morphine CPP, with food CPP being used(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway and angiogenesis in brain cancer act as an engine for tumor initiation, expansion and response to therapy. Since the existing literature does not have any models that investigate the impact of both angiogenesis and molecular signaling pathways on treatment, we propose a novel multi-scale,(More)