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OBJECTIVE To develop and test a method for automatically detecting inconsistencies between the parent-child is-a relationships in the Metathesaurus and the ancestor-descendant relationships in the Semantic Network of the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS). METHODS We exploited the fact that each Metathesaurus concept is assigned one or more semantic(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) acts as a neurotransmitter in brain to promote behavioral responses such as flight and immobility, which have adaptive value in the context of exposure to environmental stressors. CRF also suppresses behavioral repertoires such as mating, which are incompatible with such threat-related coping responses. In this study, we(More)
SNOMED is one of the leading health care terminologies being used worldwide. As such, quality assurance is an important part of its maintenance cycle. Methodologies for auditing SNOMED based on structural aspects of its organization are presented. In particular, automated techniques for partitioning SNOMED into smaller groups of concepts based primarily on(More)
The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) integrates about 880,000 concepts from 100 biomedical terminologies. Each concept is categorized to at least one semantic type of the Semantic Network. During the integration, it is unavoidable that some categorization errors and inconsistencies will be introduced. In this paper, we present an auditing technique to(More)
Two high-level abstraction networks for the knowledge content of a terminology, known respectively as the "area taxonomy" and "p-area taxonomy," have previously been defined. Both are derived automatically from partitions of the terminology's concepts. An important application of these networks is in auditing, where a number of systematic regimens have been(More)
It is increasingly important for investigators to efficiently and effectively access, interpret, and analyze the data from diverse biological, literature, and annotation sources in a unified way. The heterogeneity of biomedical data and the lack of metadata are the primary sources of the difficulty for integration, presenting major challenges to effective(More)
The Unified Medical Language System integrates about 800,000 concepts from 99 biomedical terminologies. Each concept is assigned to at least one semantic type of the Semantic Network. During the integration, it is unavoidable that some classification errors and inconsistencies will be introduced. In this paper, we present an auditing technique to find such(More)
Biomedical research has identified many human genes and various knowledge about them. The National Cancer Institute Thesaurus (NCIT) represents such knowledge as concepts and roles (relationships). Due to the rapid advances in this field, it is to be expected that the NCIT's Gene hierarchy will contain role errors. A comparative methodology to audit the(More)
Gene terminologies are playing an increasingly important role in the ever-growing field of genomic research. While errors in large, complex terminologies are inevitable, gene terminologies are even more susceptible to them due to the rapid growth of genomic knowledge and the nature of its discovery. It is therefore very important to establish(More)