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PSD-95 is a major scaffolding protein of the postsynaptic density, tethering NMDA- and AMPA-type glutamate receptors to signaling proteins and the neuronal cytoskeleton. Here we show that PSD-95 is regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. PSD-95 interacts with and is ubiquitinated by the E3 ligase Mdm2. In response to NMDA receptor activation, PSD-95(More)
The oncoprotein MDM2 associates with ribosomal proteins L5, L11, and L23. Both L11 and L23 have been shown to activate p53 by inhibiting MDM2-mediated p53 suppression. Here we have shown that L5 also activates p53. Overexpression of L5 stabilized ectopic p53 in H1299 cells and endogenous p53 in U2OS cells. Consequently, L5 enhanced p53 transcriptional(More)
Inherently disparate cell growth and division, which are intimately coupled through a delicate network of intracellular and extracellular signaling, require ribosomal biogenesis. A number of events imparting instability to ribosomal biogenesis can cause nucleolar stress. In response to this stress, several ribosomal proteins bind to MDM2 and block(More)
The p53-MDM2 feedback loop is vital for cell growth control and is subjected to multiple regulations in response to various stress signals. Here we report another regulator of this loop. Using an immunoaffinity method, we purified an MDM2-associated protein complex that contains the ribosomal protein L23. L23 interacted with MDM2, forming a complex(More)
The CDK inhibitor p21waf1/cip1 is degraded by a ubiquitin-independent proteolytic pathway. Here, we show that MDM2 mediates this degradation process. Overexpression of wild-type or ring finger-deleted, but not nuclear localization signal (NLS)-deleted, MDM2 decreased p21waf1/cip1 levels without ubiquitylating this protein and affecting its mRNA level in(More)
Nucleophosmin (NPM/B23) is a key regulator in the regulation of a number of processes including centrosome duplication, maintenance of genomic integrity, and ribosome biogenesis. While the mechanisms underlying NPM function are largely uncharacterized, NPM loss results in severe dysregulation of developmental and growth-related events. We show that NPM(More)
The nucleolar protein nucleostemin (NS) is essential for cell proliferation and early embryogenesis. Both depletion and overexpression of NS reduce cell proliferation. However, the mechanisms underlying this regulation are still unclear. Here, we show that NS regulates p53 activity through the inhibition of MDM2. NS binds to the central acidic domain of(More)
We propose a plasmonic nanosensor based on Fano resonance in the strong-confinement metal-dielectric-metal waveguide side-coupled with a pair of nanoresonators. Due to the coherent interference of the splitting discrete and quasi-continuum modes, the reflection spectrum possesses a sharp asymmetric Fano resonance dip, which is dependent on the cavity-cavity(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression remains uncertain. This study explored the effect of increased ROS activity on NOS expression in vitro in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) grown in culture and in intact animals. METHODS Endothelial NOS (eNOS) expression and nuclear factor(More)
Protein production is driven by protein translation and relies on ribosomal biogenesis, globally essential for cell growth, proliferation, and animal development. Deregulation of these sophisticated cellular processes leads to abnormal homeostasis and carcinogenesis. Thus, their tight regulation is vitally important for a cell to warrant normal growth and(More)