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Cdc13, Stn1 and Ten1 are essential yeast proteins that both protect chromosome termini from unregulated resection and regulate telomere length. Cdc13, which localizes to telomeres through high-affinity binding to telomeric single-stranded DNA, has been extensively characterized, whereas the contribution(s) of the Cdc13-associated Stn1 and Ten1 proteins to(More)
Plants have evolved sophisticated systems for adaptation to their natural habitat. In response to developmental and environmental cues, plants produce and perceive jasmonate (JA) signals, which induce degradation of JASMONATE-ZIM-Domain (JAZ) proteins and derepress the JAZ-repressed transcription factors to regulate diverse aspects of defense responses and(More)
Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare and severe neurological disorder. ATP1A3 was recently identified as the causative gene. Here we report the first genetic study in Chinese AHC cohort. We performed whole-exome sequencing on three trios and three unrelated patients, and screened additional 41 typical cases and 100 controls by PCR-Sanger(More)
Accurately measuring and predicting biliary excretion would be extremely valuable in evaluating the contribution of biliary excretion to the total systemic clearance, understanding potential mechanisms of hepatobiliary toxicity as well as potentials for drug-drug interactions in drug discovery. In this study, in vivo rat biliary excretion of drug-like(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, association between the Est1 telomerase subunit and the telomere-binding protein Cdc13 is essential for telomerase to be recruited to its site of action. A current model proposes that Tel1 binding to telomeres marks them for elongation, as the result of phosphorylation of a proposed S/TQ cluster in the telomerase recruitment(More)
Plants have evolved sophisticated mechanisms for integration of endogenous and exogenous signals to adapt to the changing environment. Both the phytohormones jasmonate (JA) and ethylene (ET) regulate plant growth, development, and defense. In addition to synergistic regulation of root hair development and resistance to necrotrophic fungi, JA and ET act(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the penetration of voriconazole, a new-generation triazole antifungal agent, into the vitreous and aqueous humor after oral administration. METHODS A prospective, nonrandomized clinical study included 14 patients scheduled for elective pars plana vitrectomy surgery between December 1, 2002, and February 28, 2003, at the Cullen Eye(More)
Cd79a (called mb-1 here) encodes the Ig-alpha signaling component of the B cell receptor. The early B cell-specific mb-1 promoter was hypermethylated at CpG dinucleotides in hematopoietic stem cells but became progressively unmethylated as B cell development proceeded. The transcription factor Pax5 activated endogenous mb-1 transcription in a plasmacytoma(More)
Gene knockout experiments in mice have suggested a hierarchical model of early B cell commitment wherein E2A proteins (E47 and E12) activate early B cell factor (Ebf1), which in turn activates expression of the B cell commitment factor, Pax5. In IL-7 receptor alpha (IL-7Ralpha) knockout mice, B cell development is blocked before B-lineage commitment at the(More)
PURPOSE Very-low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) in knockout mice (vldlr(-/-)) has been reported to induce subretinal neovascularization. Therefore, VLDLR expression in the wild-type mouse retina was investigated and the retinal angiogenic process in vldlr(-/-) mice was characterized. METHODS VLDLR expression in the retina and in purified retinal(More)