Learn More
PURPOSE The goals of this study are to elucidate the relationship of the oncogenic transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) with glioma aggressiveness and to understand the role of high STAT3 activity in the resistance of malignant gliomas and medulloblastomas to chemotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Immunohistochemical(More)
DREADDs are chemogenetic tools widely used to remotely control cellular signaling, neuronal activity, and behavior. Here we used a structure-based approach to develop a new Gi-coupled DREADD using the kappa-opioid receptor as a template (KORD) that is activated by the pharmacologically inert ligand salvinorin B (SALB). Activation of virally expressed KORD(More)
Thermostable Mn-dependent catalases are promising enzymes in biotechnological applications. In the present study, a Mn-containing superoxide dismutase of the hyperthermophilic Thermus thermophilus HB27 had been purified and characterized by a two-stage ultrafiltration process after being expressed in E. coli. The enzyme was highly stable at 90°C and(More)
This article focuses on the relation between laccase-secreting ability and growing cycle in the edible fungi. First, laccase activities of fifteen different edible fungi were detected and determined by plate assay and spectrophotometric method using 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) as the substrate. The results showed the(More)
Emerging evidence indicates a novel mode of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling, notably, one involves EGFR nuclear translocalization and subsequent gene activation. To date, however, the significance of the nuclear EGFR pathway in glioblastoma (GBM) is unknown. Here, we report that EGFR and its constitutively activated variant EGFRvIII(More)
EGFR and its constitutively activated variant EGFRvIII are linked to glioblastoma resistance to therapy, the mechanisms underlying this association, however, are still unclear. We report that in glioblastoma, EGFR/EGFRvIII paradoxically co-expresses with p53-upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA), a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling is critically important for embryogenesis and other cellular processes in which GLI transcription factors mediate the terminal effects of the pathway. GLI1, in particular, plays a significant role in human cancers. Consequently, GLI1 and its upstream positive regulator Smoothened (SMO) are important targets of anti-cancer(More)
Elucidating how the brain's serotonergic network mediates diverse behavioral actions over both relatively short (minutes-hours) and long period of time (days-weeks) remains a major challenge for neuroscience. Our relative ignorance is largely due to the lack of technologies with robustness, reversibility, and spatio-temporal control. Recently, we have(More)
BACKGROUND Lassa fever (LF), an often-fatal hemorrhagic disease caused by Lassa virus (LASV), is a major public health threat in West Africa. When the violent civil conflict in Sierra Leone (1991 to 2002) ended, an international consortium assisted in restoration of the LF program at Kenema Government Hospital (KGH) in an area with the world's highest(More)
Obesity is a major public health problem with a significant genetic component. Multiple DNA polymorphisms/genes have been shown to be strongly associated with obesity, typically in populations of European descent. The aim of this study was to verify the extent to which 6 confirmed obesity genes (FTO, CTNNBL1, ADRB2, LEPR, PPARG and UCP2 genes) could be(More)