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UNLABELLED Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a major unresolved public health problem. Here, we investigate pathomechanisms of sensory hair cell death and suggest a novel target for protective intervention. Cellular survival depends upon maintenance of energy homeostasis, largely by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). In response to a noise exposure in(More)
AIMS Reactive oxygen species play a dual role in mediating both cell stress and defense pathways. Here, we used pharmacological manipulations and siRNA silencing to investigate the relationship between autophagy and oxidative stress under conditions of noise-induced temporary, permanent, and severe permanent auditory threshold shifts (temporary threshold(More)
A series of MMP-1 inhibitors have been identified based upon a methyl rosmarinate scaffold using structure-based drug design methods. The best compound in the series showed an IC50 value of 0.4 μM. A docking study was conducted for compound (S)-10n in order to investigate its binding interactions with MMP-1. The structure-activity relationships (SAR) were(More)
Three structurally related 6-C-methyl flavonoids isolated from Pinus densata, including 5,4'-dihydroxy-3,7,8-trimethoxy-6-C-methylflavone (PD1), 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3,8-dimethoxy-6-C-methylflavone (PD2), and 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3-methoxy-6-C-methylflavone (PD3), were tested for their ability to inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of the HL-60(More)
A guaiane framework was scaffolded by photochemical rearrangement reactions using α-santonin 1 as a starting material. Then, using a series of reactions, we synthesized the guaiane-type sesquiterpene lactone 5 in high yield. The inhibitory activities of compound 5 and of a series of derivatives on nitric oxide (NO) release were evaluated in(More)
Pseudolaridimers A (1) and B (2), two unprecedented heterodimers formed via a [4 + 2] Diels-Alder cycloaddition between a cycloartane triterpenoid unit and a labdane diterpenoid unit, were isolated from the cones of Pseudolarix amabilis. Their structures were established by extensive analysis of HRESIMS and NMR spectra. The absolute configuration of 1 was(More)
Astragaloside IV (AGS-IV) is a main active ingredient of Astragalus membranaceus Bunge, a medicinal herb prescribed as an immunostimulant, hepatoprotective, antiperspirant, a diuretic or a tonic as documented in Chinese Materia Medica. In the present study, we employed a high-throughput comparative proteomic approach based on 2D-nano-LC-MS/MS to investigate(More)
A phytochemical investigation of the cone of Pseudolarix amabilis led to the isolation of pseudolarenone (), a structurally novel pentacyclic (5/11/5/6/5) nortriterpenoid lactone with an unprecedented carbon skeleton featuring a unique bicyclo[8.2.1]tridecane core. Its structure and absolute configurations were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and(More)
A series of novel derivatives of phenyl substituted tetramethoxy xanthone were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-tumor hepatic cells. Among these derivatives, compound 6 was more potent than positive control 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) on QGY-7703 and SMMC-7721 cells with IC50 values of(More)