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The emerging literature implicates a role for glia/cytokines in persistent pain. However, the mechanisms by which these non-neural elements contribute to CNS activity-dependent plasticity and pain are unclear. Using a trigeminal model of inflammatory hyperalgesia, here we provide evidence that demonstrates a mechanism by which glia interact with neurons,(More)
The genetic diversity of Yersinia pestis, the etiologic agent of plague, is extremely limited because of its recent origin coupled with a slow clock rate. Here we identified 2,326 SNPs from 133 genomes of Y. pestis strains that were isolated in China and elsewhere. These SNPs define the genealogy of Y. pestis since its most recent common ancestor. All but(More)
Improving authentication delay is a key issue for achieving seamless handovers across networks and domains. This paper presents an overview of fast authentication methods when roaming within or across IEEE 802.11 Wireless-LANs. Besides this overview, the paper analyses the applicability of IEEE 802.11f and Seamoby solutions to enable fast authentication for(More)
INTRODUCTION This study evaluated the pathologic and spatial associations between apical periodontitis of the maxillary premolars/molars and the maxillary sinus mucosal thickening using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scanning. METHODS CBCT images of 372 patients with 508 exposed maxillary sinuses were inspected retrospectively. Clinical features(More)
Recent studies have shown that cognitive and memory decline in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is coupled with losses of small-world attributes. However, few studies have investigated the characteristics of the whole brain networks in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we(More)
Recent neuroimaging studies have shown that the cognitive and memory decline in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is coupled with abnormal functions of focal brain regions and disrupted functional connectivity between distinct brain regions, as well as losses in small-world attributes. However, the causal interactions among the spatially isolated, but(More)
Stroke is a common complex trait and does not follow Mendelian pattern of inheritance. Gene-gene or gene-environment interactions may be responsible for the complex trait. How the interactions contribute to stroke is still under research. This study aimed to explore the association between gene-gene interactions and stroke in Chinese in a large case-control(More)
It has been suggested that low-threshold sensory pathways have an important role in the formation and maintenance of sensory abnormalities which are observed after peripheral nerve injury. In the present study, we examined the involvement of these pathways in the development of hyperexcitability after sciatic nerve injury (SNI) by detecting the(More)
This study is to investigate the role of Nrf2 in suppressing LPS-mediated inflammation in ex vivo macrophages by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Primary peritoneal macrophages from Nrf2 wild-type (+/+; WT) and Nrf2 knockout (-/-; KO) mice were treated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the(More)
The genetic polymorphisms of Echinococcus spp. in the eastern Tibetan Plateau and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region were evaluated by DNA sequencing analyses of genes for mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) and nuclear elongation factor-1 alpha (ef1a). We collected 68 isolates of Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.) from Xinjiang(More)