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The Müllerian ducts give rise to the female reproductive tract, including the Fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and anterior vagina. In male embryos, the Müllerian ducts regress, preventing the formation of female organs. We introduced the bacterial lacZ gene, encoding beta-galactosidase (beta-gal), into the AMHR-II locus (Amhr2) by gene targeting in mouse(More)
Gfi1 transcriptionally governs hematopoiesis, and its mutations produce neutropenia. In an effort to identify Gfi1-interacting proteins and also to generate new candidate genes causing neutropenia, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen with Gfi1. Among other Gfi1-interacting proteins, we identified a previously uncharacterized member of the PR(More)
Mutations in ELA2 encoding the neutrophil granule protease, neutrophil elastase (NE), are the major cause of the 2 main forms of hereditary neutropenia, cyclic neutropenia and severe congenital neutropenia (SCN). Genetic evaluation of other forms of neutropenia in humans and model organisms has helped to illuminate the role of NE. A canine form of cyclic(More)
Wnts are expressed in the forming long bones, suggesting roles in skeletogenesis. To examine the action of Wnts in skeleton formation, we developed a genetic system to conditionally express Wnt4 in chondrogenic tissues of the mouse. A mouse Wnt4 cDNA was introduced into the ubiquitously expressed Rosa26 (R26) locus by gene targeting in embryonic stem (ES)(More)
Estrogen is a crucial hormone for osteoclast inhibition and for preventing osteoporosis. However, the hormone's role in osteoblast growth and differentiation remains unclear. The complexity of estrogen's role in guiding osteoblast behavior arises partly from crosstalk with other signaling pathways, including Wnt signaling. In this study, we show that the(More)
Previous studies have shown that Wnt signaling is involved in postnatal mammalian myogenesis; however, the downstream mechanism of Wnt signaling is not fully understood. This study reports that the murine four-and-a-half LIM domain 1 (Fhl1) could be stimulated by β-catenin or LiCl treatment to induce myogenesis. In contrast, knockdown of the Fhl1 gene(More)
Deficiency in neutrophils (neutropenia) caused by mutations in neutrophil elastase (NE, ELA2) has been extensively investigated. Monocytes and neutrophils are derived from a common myeloid progenitor; therefore, ELA2 mutations can also influence monocyte development. These effects have not been well described. In this study, we used the human monocytic(More)
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