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— As face recognition applications progress from constrained sensing and cooperative subjects scenarios (e.g., driver's license and passport photos) to unconstrained scenarios with uncooperative subjects (e.g., video surveillance), new challenges are encountered. These challenges are due to variations in ambient illumination, image resolution, background(More)
Illumination preprocessing is an effective and efficient approach in handling lighting variations for face recognition. Despite much attention to face illumination preprocessing, there is seldom systemic comparative study on existing approaches that presents fascinating insights and conclusions in how to design better illumination preprocessing methods. To(More)
— The problem of automatically matching composite sketches to facial photographs is addressed in this paper. Previous research on sketch recognition focused on matching sketches drawn by professional artists who either looked directly at the subjects (viewed sketches) or used a verbal description of the subject's appearance as provided by an eyewitness(More)
—Facial composites are widely used by law enforcement agencies to assist in the identification and apprehension of suspects involved in criminal activities. These composites, generated from witness descriptions, are posted in public places and in the media with the hope that some viewers will provide tips about the identity of the suspect. This method of(More)
There has been a growing interest in automatic age estimation from facial images due to a variety of potential applications in law enforcement, security control, and human-computer interaction. However, despite advances in automatic age estimation, it remains a challenging problem. This is because the face aging process is determined not only by intrinsic(More)
Demographic estimation entails automatic estimation of age, gender and race of a person from his face image, which has many potential applications ranging from forensics to social media. Automatic demographic estimation, particularly age estimation, remains a challenging problem because persons belonging to the same demographic group can be vastly different(More)
In the last decade, some illumination preprocessing approaches were proposed to eliminate the lighting variation in face images for lighting-invariant face recognition. However, we find surprisingly that existing preprocessing methods were seldom modeled to directly enhance the separability of different faces, which should have been the essential goal. To(More)
—Automatic face recognition is now widely used in applications ranging from de-duplication of identity to authen-tication of mobile payment. This popularity of face recognition has raised concerns about face spoof attacks (also known as biometric sensor presentation attacks), where a photo or video of an authorized person's face could be used to gain access(More)
Illumination variation is one of intractable yet crucial problems in face recognition and many lighting normalization approaches have been proposed in the past decades. Nevertheless, most of them pre-process all the face images in the same way thus without considering the specific lighting in each face image. In this paper, we propose a lighting aware(More)