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Automatic face recognition is now widely used in applications ranging from deduplication of identity to authentication of mobile payment. This popularity of face recognition has raised concerns about face spoof attacks (also known as biometric sensor presentation attacks), where a photo or video of an authorized person's face could be used to gain access to(More)
Demographic estimation entails automatic estimation of age, gender and race of a person from his face image, which has many potential applications ranging from forensics to social media. Automatic demographic estimation, particularly age estimation, remains a challenging problem because persons belonging to the same demographic group can be vastly different(More)
The problem of automatically matching composite sketches to facial photographs is addressed in this paper. Previous research on sketch recognition focused on matching sketches drawn by professional artists who either looked directly at the subjects (viewed sketches) or used a verbal description of the subject's appearance as provided by an eyewitness(More)
As face recognition applications progress from constrained sensing and cooperative subjects scenarios (e.g., driver's license and passport photos) to unconstrained scenarios with uncooperative subjects (e.g., video surveillance), new challenges are encountered. These challenges are due to variations in ambient illumination, image resolution, background(More)
There has been a growing interest in automatic age estimation from facial images due to a variety of potential applications in law enforcement, security control, and human-computer interaction. However, despite advances in automatic age estimation, it remains a challenging problem. This is because the face aging process is determined not only by intrinsic(More)
Face recognition in surveillance systems is important for security applications, especially in nighttime scenarios when the subject is far away from the camera. However, due to the face image quality degradation caused by large camera standoff and low illuminance, nighttime face recognition at large standoff is challenging. In this paper, we report a system(More)
Illumination preprocessing is an effective and efficient approach in handling lighting variations for face recognition. Despite much attention to face illumination preprocessing, there is seldom systemic comparative study on existing approaches that presents fascinating insights and conclusions in how to design better illumination preprocessing methods. To(More)
Illumination variation is one of intractable yet crucial problems in face recognition and many lighting normalization approaches have been proposed in the past decades. Nevertheless, most of them pre-process all the face images in the same way thus without considering the specific lighting in each face image. In this paper, we propose a lighting aware(More)