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For long-term culture, murine adipose-derived stromal cells (mADSCs) at latter passages demonstrated a marked decline in proliferative activity, exhibited senescent morphology and reduced differentiation potentials, particularly osteogenesis. To extend the lifespan of mADSCs, two culture conditions containing hyaluronan (HA) was compared in our study, one(More)
Ceruloplasmin, the blue copper-protein of vertebrate plasma, has been reviewed mainly from a functional point of view. However we have surveyed the chemistry and state copper in the molecule because of the implications of the recent data of Ryden (13,28). His observations suggest that unless special precautions are taken in the isolation of ceruloplasmin(More)
Chitosan scaffolds were modified with RGDS (Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser) in the present work via an imide-bond forming reaction between amino groups in chitosan and carboxyl groups in peptides. Successful immobilization was verified with FTIR spectroscopy, and the immobilized amount was determined to be on the order of 10(-12) mol/cm2 through analysis of the(More)
The electrophoretic mobility and activity of NADH-methemoglobin reductase in erythrocytes of patients with hereditary methemoglobinemia, obligatory heterozygotes, and normal subjects were examined. Six distinct electrophoretic variants were found in studies of erythrocytes from members of ten different families. Five variants (Boston Slow, Duarte,(More)
The production of acid-volatile selenide (apparently H2Se) was catalyzed by glutathione reductase in an anaerobic system containing 20 mM glutathione, 0.05 mM sodium selenite, a TPNH-generating system, and microgram quantities of highly purified yeast glutathione reductase. H2Se production in this system was proportional to glutathione reductase(More)
A pathway for the synthesis of dimethyl selenide from sodium selenite was studied in rat liver and kidney fractions under anaerobic conditions in the presence of GSH, a NADPH-generating system, and S-adenosylmethionine. Chromatography of liver or kidney soluble fraction on Sephadex G-75 yielded a Fraction C (30,000 molecular weight) which synthesized(More)
Bone formation under zinc deficiency conditions was investigated using alveolar implants in guinea pigs, from which bone formed solely during the period of zinc deficiency could be obtaned. Thirty-six guinea pigs (GP) weighing 175-195 g were randomly divided into three groups: group 1 received a -Zn diet, (1.0 +/- 0.2 ppm Zn); group 2 pair fed control, and(More)
Freeze-fixation and freeze-gelation methods are presented in this paper which can be used to prepare highly porous scaffolds without using the time and energy consuming freeze-drying process. The porous structure was generated during the freeze of a polymer solution, following which either the solvent was extracted by a non-solvent or the polymer was gelled(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) constantly experience fluid shear stresses generated by blood flow. Laminar flow is known to produce atheroprotective effects on ECs. Nrf2 is a transcription factor that is essential for the antioxidant response element (ARE)-mediated induction of genes such as heme-oxygenase 1 (HO-1). We previously showed that(More)