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From a sequence of computed tomograms of two-dimensional transverse slices of a body one can build up a three-dimensional array of numbers containing spatial rather than cross-sectional information. We have developed computer methods to display a slice at arbitrary orientation through the three-dimensional object. The three-dimensional array of numbers can(More)
A simplified method for making dichromated gelatin (DCG) holographic optical elements (HOE) has been discovered. The method is much less tedious and it requires a period of processing time comparable with that for processing a silver halide hologram. HOE characteristics including diffraction efficiency (DE), linearity, and spectral sensitivity have been(More)
A new nonspreading beam is proposed for the case in which diffraction occurs only in one transverse coordinate. The beam has the shape of a pulse in one dimension and is constant in the other (slitlike shape). The intensity of the pulse's peak remains almost constant along a finite interval on the propagation axis. The proposed beam is analyzed and(More)
For the purpose of reducing the spurious states in a Hopfield neural net for associative memory, we invoke terminal attractors. In achieving the optical implementation of the terminal-attractor-based associative memory (TABAM) as described in this paper, we first prove the existence of the terminal-attractor model with binary neuron representation. We then(More)
Conventional radiographic imaging techniques are not adequate for determination of the true, dynamic changes in shape and dimensions of the intact working heart, lungs and circulation which are required for accurate quantitative determination of the structure and function of these organ systems. This paper describes a computerized method for obtaining(More)
We propose and demonstrate an effective two-stage modified signed-digit optical computing technique (in contrast to previous three-stage techniques) based on spatial data encoding, polarization multiplexing, and multiple imaging. Our proposed reduction in operation stages requires a reference operation in addition to the transformation and weight operations(More)
We propose and demonstrate a modified-signed-digit (MSP) arithmetic to achieve multi-input digital optical computing. Our approach utilizes hybrid addition-subtraction transformation (or weight operation) rules among multiple inputs. This results in operation speeds that exceed those of two-input MSD arithmetic for multi-input computing.(More)