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The neurotransmitter dopamine has been demonstrated by biochemical, histochemical and immunocytochemical techniques to be unevenly distributed in the mammalian central nervous system. DARPP-32 (dopamine- and cyclic-AMP-regulated phosphoprotein of molecular weight 32,000) is a neuronal phosphoprotein that displays a regional distribution in the mammalian(More)
Three forms of protein phosphatase-1 were isolated from rabbit skeletal muscle that had Mr values of 37 000, 34 000 and 33 000 determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) gel electrophoresis. Each species dephosphorylated the beta-subunit of phosphorylase kinase very much faster than the alpha-subunit, was inhibited by inhibitors 1 and 2 with equal potency,(More)
Protein phosphatases-2A0, 2A1 and 2A2 have been purified to homogeneity from rabbit skeletal muscle. Approximately 1 mg of phosphatase-2A0 and 2A1, and 0.5 mg of phosphatase-2A2, was isolated from 4000 g muscle within 10 days. Protein phosphatases-2A0 and 2A1 each comprised three subunits, termed A, B' and C (2A0) or A, B and C (2A1), while phosphatase-2A2(More)
Homogenous preparations of the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1 and inhibitor-2 can be combined to produce an inactive enzyme that consists of a 1:1 complex between these two proteins. This species is indistinguishable from the Mg-ATP-dependent protein phosphatase in that preincubation with glycogen synthase kinase-3 and Mg-ATP is required to(More)
Oocyte maturation (meiosis re-initiation) in starfish is induced by the natural hormone 1-methyladenine (1-MeAde). Following hormonal stimulation of the oocyte, an intracellular Maturation Promoting Factor (MPF) appears in the cytoplasm which triggers nuclear envelope breakdown and maturation divisions. Microinjection of pure preparations of the catalytic(More)
Glutamate receptors are the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian brain and are classified on the basis of their activation by different agonists. The agonists kainate and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxasolepropionic acid define a class of glutamate receptors termed kainate receptors. We have isolated and sequenced a(More)
The mechanism of Ca: ~ regulation of the cytoplasmic sEreaming in characcan ceils was studied in relation to protein phosphorslation and dephosphorylation. A tonoplast-free cell model ~.as developed u hich was sensitive to Ca-" ~. Protein phosphatase-l and its inhibitor-I were applied into the tonoplast-free cells. A synthetic inhibitor of protein(More)
The 'native' Mg-ATP-dependent protein phosphatase was isolated from rabbit skeletal muscle by a procedure that avoided the use of organic solvents or heating at 90-100 degrees C. The purified enzyme was composed of two major proteins (molecular mass 37 kDa and 31 kDa) that were present in a 1:1 molar ratio, and accounted for 70-80% of the material. The(More)
The transforming protein encoded by the v-rel oncogene of avian reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV-T) is a very low copy number molecule in the cytosol of transformed cells. Analysis of cytosolic extracts from a REV-T-transformed lymphoid cell line by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-300 indicated that most of the v-rel oncogene product, pp59v-rel, eluted with(More)