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We show that scattering from a single gold nanoparticle is saturable for the first time. Wavelength-dependent study reveals that the saturation behavior is governed by depletion of surface plasmon resonance, not the thermal effect. We observed interesting flattening of the point spread function of scattering from a single nanoparticle due to saturation. By(More)
This paper aims at detecting the existence of <i>building blocks</i> directly from the fitness function without performing genetic algorithms. To do so, this paper extends the convergence time model and the gambler's ruin model so they can be applied to a larger variety of problems. With proposed models, the number of fitness evaluations can be estimated(More)
This work proposes a test function to study overlapping. The test function provides full controllability over overlapping. To achieve full controllability, the building block assigning problem is reduced to a bipartite matching problem which allow us to directly assign extent of overlapping to each gene. At the end, an experiment on overlapping shows that(More)
Nonlinear plasmonics has attracted a lot of interests due to its wide applications. Recently, we demonstrated saturation and reverse saturation of scattering from a single plasmonic nanoparticle, which exhibits extremely narrow side lobes and central peaks in scattering images [ACS Photonics 1(1), 32 (2014)]. It is desirable to extract the reversed(More)
Plasmonics, which are based on the collective oscillation of electrons due to light excitation, involve strongly enhanced local electric fields and thus have potential applications in nonlinear optics, which requires extraordinary optical intensity. One of the most studied nonlinearities in plasmonics is nonlinear absorption, including saturation and(More)
Because of their exceptional local-field enhancement and ultrasmall mode volume, plasmonic components can integrate photonics and electronics at nanoscale, and active control of plasmons is the key. However, all-optical modulation of plasmonic response with nanometer mode volume and unity modulation depth is still lacking. Here we show that scattering from(More)
Self-organized alloying of Au with Rh in nanoclusters on an ordered thin film of Al2O3/NiAl(100) was investigated via various surface probe techniques under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions and calculations based on density-functional theory. The bimetallic clusters were formed on the sequential deposition of vapors of Au and Rh onto Al2O3/NiAl(100) at 300 K.(More)
The surface structures and compositions of Au-Rh bimetallic nanoclusters on an ordered thin film of Al2O3/NiAl(100) were investigated, primarily with infrared reflection absorption spectra and temperature-programmed desorption of CO as a probe molecule under ultrahigh-vacuum conditions and calculations based on density-functional theory. The bimetallic(More)
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