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This paper aims at detecting the existence of <i>building blocks</i> directly from the fitness function without performing genetic algorithms. To do so, this paper extends the convergence time model and the gambler's ruin model so they can be applied to a larger variety of problems. With proposed models, the number of fitness evaluations can be estimated(More)
This work proposes a test function to study overlapping. The test function provides full controllability over overlapping. To achieve full controllability, the building block assigning problem is reduced to a bipartite matching problem which allow us to directly assign extent of overlapping to each gene. At the end, an experiment on overlapping shows that(More)
Because of their exceptional local-field enhancement and ultrasmall mode volume, plasmonic components can integrate photonics and electronics at nanoscale, and active control of plasmons is the key. However, all-optical modulation of plasmonic response with nanometer mode volume and unity modulation depth is still lacking. Here we show that scattering from(More)
Plasmonics, which are based on the collective oscillation of electrons due to light excitation, involve strongly enhanced local electric fields and thus have potential applications in nonlinear optics, which requires extraordinary optical intensity. One of the most studied nonlinearities in plasmonics is nonlinear absorption, including saturation and(More)
The aim of this paper is to handle the errors, due to insertion, deletion, substitution, letter sequencing and typing in the lexical analysis phase of compiler. Fuzzy keywords, their fuzzy regular expressions and minimized fuzzy deterministic automaton are constructed. The issue of membership of fuzzy keyword is successfully tackled with the help of an(More)
131 I whole body scan may detect the functioning metas-tasis of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. However non-thyroidal false positive uptake may mislead the physician to inappropriate treatment. We report a case of 45-year-old woman with papillary thyroid carcinoma who demonstrated strong 131 I uptake in a cavernous heman-gioma of the liver. This common(More)
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